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Allotrope Foundation Taxonomy (AFT)

Metadata

URI
http://purl.allotrope.org/voc/afo/REC/2019/09/aft
Publisher(s)
Allotrope Foundation
Contributor(s)
Allotrope Foundation
Modified
2019-09-05T12:00:00+00:00
Issued
2019-09-30T12:00:00+00:00
Version Information
REC/2019/09
Version URI
http://purl.allotrope.org/voc/afo/REC/2019/09/aft
Imports
http://purl.allotrope.org/voc/afo/REC/2018/07/curation
http://purl.allotrope.org/voc/bfo/REC/2018/04/bfo-2-0
http://purl.allotrope.org/voc/skos/REC/2018/10/skos
License & Rights
http://purl.allotrope.org/voc/creative-commons-attribution-license
http://purl.allotrope.org/voc/©
Ontology RDF
RDF (turtle)

Description

Allotrope Foundation Taxonomy of universals (REC/2019/09)

Table of Contents

  1. Classes
  2. Datatype Properties
  3. Named Individuals
  4. Namespaces
  5. Legend

Overview

Pictures say 1,000 words
Figure 1: Ontology overview

Classes

rangec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000021
Description

A range is an interval of values with a lower and/or upper limit. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000920c

codelistc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000036
Description

A set of codes in a controlled vocabulary. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001059c

codec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000050
Description

An entry in a list of controlled symbols denoting a classification. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001277c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001669c

conditionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000090
Description

A condition is an information content entity that is about the portion of reality under which something occurs or is valid. The condition is limited by its scope and may have preconditions. It restricts the possible realizations. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000991c
Sub-classes af-c:AFC_0000093c
af-c:AFC_0000091c
af-c:AFC_0000092c

and conditionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000091
Description

A condition that is valid if all conditions of it are valid. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-c:AFC_0000090c

or conditionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000092
Description

An or condition is valid if at least one of its conditions is valid. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-c:AFC_0000090c

one of conditionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000093
Description

A one of condition is valid if exactly one of its condition is valid. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-c:AFC_0000090c

listc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000160
Description

A list is an ordered collection of items. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-c:AFC_0000166c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001262c
af-r:AFR_0001046c
af-c:AFC_0000162c

list itemc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000161
Description

An entry in a list. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-c:AFC_0000167c
Sub-classes af-c:AFC_0000163c
af-r:AFR_0001192c

seriesc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000162
Description

A series is a list (ordered collection) of literal values. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-c:AFC_0000160c

series itemc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000163
Description

An individual entry in a series with an index and a numeric value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-c:AFC_0000161c

collectionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000166
Description

An aggregation of data items for a purpose. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001054c
Sub-classes af-c:AFC_0000160c
af-c:AFC_0000168c
af-r:AFR_0001211c

itemc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000167
Description

An item is an individual member of some collection. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001054c
Sub-classes af-c:AFC_0000161c

setc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/common#AFC_0000168
Description

A collection where each member is disjoint from another. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-c:AFC_0000166c

sample passagec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000022
Description

A sample passage is the compartment of a device that handles the conveying of samples. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000322c

gas chromatographc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000024
Description

A piece of apparatus, consisting of a gas supply system, an injection or sampling system, a column, detector and a data acquisition/processing system, that is used to carry out chromatographic separations. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000392c

well platec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000029
Description

A plate is a flat container with multiple "wells" used as small test tubes. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000407c

autosamplerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000073
Description

A piece of equipment that allows for automated sampling or sample loading. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0001711c

fraction collectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000088
Source L.S. Ettre, "Nomenclature for Chromatography", Pure & Appl. Chem. 1993, Vol. 65, No. 4, pp. 819-872
Description

A fraction collector is a collecting device for recovering fractional volumes of the column effluent. [IUPAC]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002172c

electromagnetic radiation sourcec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000097
Description

A source of a range of electromagnetic waves. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0001875c

spectrophotometerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000185
Description

A spectrophotometer is a photometer that measures the intensity of light at each individual wavelength. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0001515c

flame ionization detectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000209
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flame_ionization_detector
Description

A flame ionization detector is a measurement component that measures an analyte in a gas stream through the measurement of ions created via flame ionization. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002185c

chromatography columnc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000217
Description

A chromatography column is a type of column that contains a stationary phase for chromatographic separation of compounds. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002157c

injection devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000266
Description

A device that introduces objects into the inside of another object. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

thermal conductivity detectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000316
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermal_conductivity_detector
Description

A thermal conductivity detector is a measurement component that measures changes in the thermal conductivity of the column effluent and compares it to a reference flow of carrier gas. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002185c

detectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000317
Description

Any piece of apparatus used to detect an analyte. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000642c

compartmentc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000322
Description

A separate enclosed physical section of a device that can contain other devices. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0001028c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000022c

devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000354
Description

A device is an artifact that is designed to perform a function primarily by means of its mechanical or electrical nature. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002099c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0002157c
af-e:AFE_0002151c
af-e:AFE_0000986c
af-e:AFE_0000761c
af-e:AFE_0002148c
af-e:AFE_0000097c
af-e:AFE_0000471c
af-e:AFE_0002145c
af-e:AFE_0000555c
af-e:AFE_0002168c
af-e:AFE_0000785c
af-e:AFE_0000317c
af-e:AFE_0000407c
af-e:AFE_0001695c
af-e:AFE_0002189c
af-e:AFE_0001711c
af-e:AFE_0002156c
af-e:AFE_0001128c
af-e:AFE_0002193c
af-e:AFE_0000266c
af-e:AFE_0002172c
af-e:AFE_0001860c

refractive index detectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000363
Description

A piece of apparatus, consisting of a light source, a hollow prism and a photoelectric cell that is used to detect non-ultraviolet-absorbing molecules in a sample separated by chromatography. Light from the sample passes through a flow cell with two channels towards the photoelectric cell. One channel holds the eluent from the column, whereas the other holds a control sample (solvent that has not passed through the column). Detection occurs when the light is bent due to molecules eluting from the column, and this is read as a disparity between the two channels. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002185c

electrolytic conductivity detectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000368
Description

A conductivity probe to calculate the conductance value of a material at the selected reference temperature. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002185c

chromatographc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000392
Description

A piece of apparatus, consisting of a mobile phase supply system, an injection or sampling system, a column, detector and a data acquisition/processing system, that is used to carry out chromatographic separations. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002157c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000808c
af-e:AFE_0000024c
af-e:AFE_0000673c

containerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000407
Description

A device that has the function to contain material. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
box, can, plate, rack

tray, flask, vial

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000029c
af-e:AFE_0001410c
af-e:AFE_0000718c

thermometerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000410
Description

A thermometer is a device that measures temperature or a temperature gradient. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002145c

damperc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000471
Description

A damper is a device that deadens, restrains, or depresses. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

pumpc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000499
Description

A pump is a device that is used to pump. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002168c

temperature controllerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000528
Description

A device used to control the temperature in a compartment. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002148c

electron capture detectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000534
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electron_capture_detector
Description

An electron capture detector is a measurement component that measures an analyte in a gas stream through the attachment of electrons via electron capture ionization. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002185c

Raman spectrometerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000551
Description

A Raman spectrometer is a piece of apparatus that allows for the measurement of Raman spectra. It consists of a laser and a detector. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002145c

data acquisition devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000555
Description

A device to acquire signals or data. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

splitterc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000558
Description

A device used to split a fluid into two component streams. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002193c

fluorescence detectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000567
Description

A fluorescence detector is a detector that detects material by way of the measurement of the emitted fluorescence light after excitation with light. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002185c

degasserc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000587
Description

A degasser is a device to remove gasses from a fluid which could otherwise form bubbles. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002157c

ion detectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000642
Description

A piece of apparatus that produces an output that depends on the number of ions that it encounters. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000317c

supercritical-fluid chromatographc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000673
Description

A piece of apparatus, consisting of a mobile phase supply system, an injection or sampling system, a column, detector and a data acquisition/processing system, that is used to carry out chromatographic separations where the mobile phase is a fluid above and relatively close to tits critical temperature and pressure. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000392c

tubec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000718
Description

A tube, or tubing, is a long hollow cylinder used for moving fluids (liquids or gases) or to protect electrical or optical cables and wires. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000407c

electronic absorbance detectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000734
Description

An electronic absorbance detector is a detector that detects material by way of the electronic absorbance of a electromagnetic ray transmitted through the material. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002185c

displayc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000761
Description

A display is a device or element of an instrument serving to represent information. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

cooling devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000785
Description

A kind of heat exchanger or radiator designed to remove excess heat. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

valvec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000795
Description

A valve is a plumbing equipment that regulates, directs or controls the flow of a fluid (gases, liquids, fluidized solids, or slurries) by opening, closing, or partially obstructing various passageways. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002151c

liquid chromatographc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000808
Description

A liquid chromatograph is a system used to perform bioseparation techniques that are based on interactions of the sample with the mobile and stationary phases. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
The system consists of a chromatographic separation unit and a computer running the system control software. The system can be operated in a fully automated manner or in manual mode. It consists of different modules, components, and accessories.  [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000392c

ovenc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000816
Description

An oven is a device for heating an enclosed space. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0001128c

solvent channelc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000828
Description

A solvent channel is a channel where a liquid can flow through. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
A quaternary pump has 4 channels.

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002151c

slitc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0000986
Description

A long narrow cut or opening. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

device regionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001028
Description

A site that is related to a device. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000029c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000322c

heating devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001128
Description

A device used for heating something. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000816c

jarc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001410
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laboratory_glassware
Description

Jars are cylindrical containers with wide openings that may be sealed. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000407c

photometerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001515
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photometer
Description

A photometer, generally, is an instrument that measures light intensity or optical properties of solutions or surfaces. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002145c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000185c

mass flow controllerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001671
Description

A mass flow controller is a device that determines the mixture of different materials. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
In DVS, the mass flow controller generates the required mixture of dry and saturated gas.

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002148c

computerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001695
Description

A computer is a general-purpose device that can be programmed to carry out a set of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Since a sequence of operations can be readily changed, the computer can solve more than one kind of problem. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

samplerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001711
Source PAC, 1989, 61, 1657 (Nomenclature for automated and mechanised analysis (Recommendations 1989))
Description

A sample is a device that function to sample known amounts of material. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000073c

tubing connectorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001761
Description

A tubing connector is a part used to connect/install tubing, components, and accessories as part of a system flow path configuration. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002151c

visible lampc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001771
Description

A visible lamp is a light source with a visible wavelength range of 380 to 780 nm. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0001875c

diodec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001860
Description

In electronics, a diode is a two-terminal electronic component that conducts primarily in one direction (asymmetric conductance). [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

lampc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0001875
Source PAC, 1996, 68, 2223 (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996))
Description

A lamp is an electromagnatic radiation source of incoherent radiation. [IUPAC]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000097c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0001771c

artifactc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002099
Description

An artifact is a material that is designed and built for a purpose. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000275c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

measurement devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002145
Description

A device that measures some aspect of reality, such as a quality or the profile of a process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0002185c
af-e:AFE_0000551c
af-e:AFE_0000410c
af-e:AFE_0001515c

controllerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002148
Description

A device that has the function to control some quality or process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0001671c
af-e:AFE_0000528c

coupling devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002151
Description

A device that has the function to couple things. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000828c
af-e:AFE_0001761c
af-e:AFE_0000795c

input devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002156
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Input_device
Description

A device that is used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

separation devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002157
Description

A device that has the function to separate materials. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000587c
af-e:AFE_0000217c
af-e:AFE_0000392c

transferring devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002168
Description

A transferring device is a device that is designed to transfer material. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000499c

collecting devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002172
Description

A collecting device is a device that has the function to collect things. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000088c

measurement componentc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002185
Description

A measurement component is a component of a measuring system, that does measuring. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0002145c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000567c
af-e:AFE_0000734c
af-e:AFE_0000368c
af-e:AFE_0000363c
af-e:AFE_0000316c
af-e:AFE_0000209c
af-e:AFE_0000534c

guiding devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002189
Description

A guiding device is a device that has the function to direct a flow in a specific direction. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c

distribution devicec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/equipment#AFE_0002193
Description

A distribution device is a device with the function to distribute a stream into multiple parts. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-e:AFE_0000354c
Sub-classes af-e:AFE_0000558c

to equilibratec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000004
Description

To equilibrate is a function which is realized in the process of equilibration. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000123c

to collectc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000007
Description

Function to add a member to an aggregate or to bring a flow together. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
Solar panels collect ultraviolet sun rays to power small mechanisms. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000195c

to connectc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000008
Description

To bring two or more flows (material, energy, signal) together. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000195c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000120c
af-fn:AFFN_0000119c

to consumec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000009
Description

The to consume function is a function that is realized in a process where a participant exists at the start of the process but no longer exists at the end of the process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000185c
af-fn:AFFN_0000093c

to indicatec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000010
Description

To make something known to the user about a flow. [NIST]

Example(s)
A small window in the water container of a coffee maker indicates the level of water in the machine. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000138c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000141c
af-fn:AFFN_0000052c

to controlc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000014
Description

To alter or govern the size or amplitude of a flow (material, energy, signal). [NIST]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000132c
af-fn:AFFN_0000124c
af-fn:AFFN_0000127c
af-fn:AFFN_0000123c

to sensec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000023
Description

To sense is a signaling function that is perceiving or becoming aware, of a flow. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000138c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000041c
af-fn:AFFN_0000037c

to securec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000024
Description

To firmly fix a flow path. [NIST]

Example(s)
On a bicycling glove, a Velcro strap secures the human hand in the correct place. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000028c

to transform datac # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000025
Description

To submit information to a particular treatment or method having a set number of operations or steps. [NIST]

Example(s)
A computer processes a login request signal before allowing a user access to its facilities. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000136c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000036c
af-fn:AFFN_0000053c
af-fn:AFFN_0000027c

to integrate (math)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000026
Description

A information processing function that generates integrals on numerical data item. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000027c

to calculatec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000027
Description

To calculate is a data transformation function to solve problems for numbers or quantities. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000025c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000026c

to supportc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000028
Description

To firmly fix a material into a defined location, or secure an energy or signal into a specific course. [NIST]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000143c
af-fn:AFFN_0000024c
af-fn:AFFN_0000142c

to cleanc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000029
Description

The material processing function to get rid of dirt, impurities, or extraneous unwanted matter. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000109c

to injectc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000030
Description

The function of a device realized when administering a substance applied particularly to the forcible insertion of a liquid or gas by means of a syringe, pump, etc. [OBI]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000113c

to countc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000036
Description

To count is to observe the quantitative number of discrete things. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000025c

to detectc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000037
Description

To discover information about the presence of a flow. [NIST]

Example(s)
A gauge on the top of a gas cylinder detects proper pressure ranges. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000023c

to measurec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000041
Description

To determine the magnitude of a flow. [NIST]

Example(s)
An analog thermostat measures temperature through a bimetallic strip. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000023c

to transmit energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000043
Description

To move an energy from one place to another. [NIST]

Example(s)
In a hand held power sander, the housing of the sander transmits human force to the object being sanded. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000187c

to heatc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000044
Description

A function that gives thermal energy to a recipient. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000128c

to communicatec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000045
Description

To communicate is the function to transferring information from one material entity to another. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000187c

to pumpc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000046
Description

To pump is to transport fluids by suction or pressure or both. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000186c

to displayc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000052
Description

To reveal something about a flow to the mind or eye. [NIST]

Example(s)
The xyz-coordinate display on a vertical milling machine displays the precise location of the cutting tool. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000010c

to convert a signalc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000053
Description

A signal conversion function is an information processor function which transforms a signal into another type of signal. [OBI]

Example(s)
an analog-to-digital_converter

A synapse converts electrical action potentials into an intermediate chemical signal. The post synapse converts it back into an electric one passed on to the axon.

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000025c

to storec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000055
Description

To accumulate a flow. [NIST]

Example(s)
A DC electrical battery stores the energy in a flashlight. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000137c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000139c

to coolc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000089
Description

A function to remove thermal energy. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000129c

to consume energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000093
Description

To consume energy is the function to consume energy. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000009c

to planc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000103
Description

To plan is the function of creating or modifying a plan specification. [OBI]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c

to branchc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000104
Description

To cause a flow (material, energy or signal) to no longer be joined or mixed. [NIST]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000105c
af-fn:AFFN_0000201c
af-fn:AFFN_0000106c

to separatec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000105
Description

To isolate a flow (material, energy, signal) into distinct components. The separated components are distinct from the flow before separation, as well as each other. [NIST]

Example(s)
A glass prism separates light into different wavelength components to provide a rainbow. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000104c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000108c
af-fn:AFFN_0000109c
af-fn:AFFN_0000107c

to distributec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000106
Description

To cause a flow (material, energy, signal) to break up. The individual bits are similar to each other and the undistributed flow. [NIST]

Example(s)
An atomizer distributes (or sprays) hair-styling liquids over the head to hold ther hair in the desired style. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000104c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000110c

to dividec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000107
Description

To separate a flow. [NIST]

Example(s)
A vending machine divides the sold form of coins into appropriate denominations. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000105c

to removec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000108
Description

To take away a part of a flow from its prefixed place. [NIST]

Example(s)
A sander removes small pieces of the wood surface to smooth the wood. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000105c

to extractc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000109
Description

To draw, or forcibly pullout, a flow. [NIST]

Example(s)
A vacuum cleaner extracts depris from the imported mixture and exports clean air to the environment. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000105c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000029c

to sortc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000110
Description

A sort function is a function to distinguish flows based on some associated physical quality or entity and to distribute the separate components into distinct fractions according to a defined order. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000106c

to localizec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000111
Description

To cause a flow (material, energy, signal) to move from one location to another location. [NIST]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000187c
af-fn:AFFN_0000113c
af-fn:AFFN_0000115c
af-fn:AFFN_0000112c

to exportc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000112
Description

To send a flow (material, energy, signal) outside the system boundary. [NIST]

Example(s)
Pouring blended food out of a standard blender pitcher exports liquid from the system. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000111c

to importc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000113
Description

To bring in a flow (material, energy, signal) from outside the system boundary. [NIST]

Example(s)
A physical opening at the top of a blender pitcher imports a solid (food) into the system. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000111c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000030c

to guidec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000115
Description

To direct the course of a flow (material, energy, signal) along a specific path. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000111c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000116c
af-fn:AFFN_0000118c
af-fn:AFFN_0000117c

to allow degree of freedomc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000116
Description

To control the movement of a flow by a force external to the device into one or more directions. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000115c

to rotatec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000117
Description

To fix the movement of a flow by a device around one axis. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000115c

to translatec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000118
Description

To fix the movement of the flow by a device into one linear direction. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000115c

to mixc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000119
Description

To combine two flows (material, energy, signal) into a single, uniform homogeneous mass. [NIST]

Example(s)
A shaker mixes a paint base and its dyes to form a homogeneous liquid. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000008c

to couplec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000120
Description

To join or bring together flows (material, energy, signal) such that the members are still distinguishable from each other. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000008c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000122c
af-fn:AFFN_0000121c

to joinc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000122
Description

To couple flows together in a predetermined manner. [NIST]

Example(s)
A ratchet joins a socket on its square shaft interface. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000120c

to regulatec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000123
Description

To adjust the flow of energy, signal, or material in response to a control signal, such as a characteristic of a flow. [NIST]

Example(s)
Turning the valves regulates the flow rate of the liquid flowing from a faucet. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000014c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000004c
af-fn:AFFN_0000191c
af-fn:AFFN_0000125c
af-fn:AFFN_0000126c

to actuatec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000124
Description

To commence the flow of energy, signal or material in response to an imported control signal. [NIST]

Example(s)
A circuit switch actuates the flow of electrical energy and turns on a light bulb. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000014c

to increasec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000125
Description

To enlarge a flow in response to a control signal. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000123c

to decreasec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000126
Description

To reduce a flow in response to a control signal. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000123c

to changec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000127
Description

To adjust the flow of energy, signal, or material in a predetermined and fixed manner. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000014c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000130c
af-fn:AFFN_0000129c
af-fn:AFFN_0000128c
af-fn:AFFN_0000131c

to incrementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000128
Description

To enlarge a flow in a predetermined and fixed manner. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000127c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000044c

to decrementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000129
Description

To reduce a flow in a predetermined and fixed manner. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000127c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000089c

to shapec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000130
Description

To mold or form a flow. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000127c

to conditionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000131
Description

To render a flow appropriate for the desired use. [NIST]

Example(s)
To prevent damage to electrial equipment, a surge protector conditions electrical energy by excluding spikes and nose (usually through capacitors) from the energy path. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000127c

to stopc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000132
Description

To cease, or prevent, the transfer of a flow (material, energy, signal). [NIST]

Example(s)
A reflective coating on a window stops the transmission of UV radiation through a window. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000014c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000134c
af-fn:AFFN_0000135c

to preventc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000134
Description

To keep a flow from happening. [NIST]

Example(s)
A submerged gate on a dam wall prevents water from flowing to the other side. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000132c

to inhibitc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000135
Description

To significantly restrain a flow, though a portion of the flow continues to be transferred. [NIST]

Example(s)
The structures of space vehicles inhibits the flow of radiation to protect crew and cargo.  [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000132c

to convertc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000136
Description

To change from one form of a flow (material, energy, signal) to another. [NIST]

Example(s)
An electrical motor converts electricity to rotational energy. [NIST]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000025c

to provisionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000137
Description

To accumulate or provide a material or energy flow. [NIST]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000055c
af-fn:AFFN_0000140c

to signalc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000138
Description

To provide information on a material, energy or signal flow as an output signal flow. The information providing flow passes through the function unchanged. [NIST]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000010c
af-fn:AFFN_0000023c

to containc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000139
Description

To keep a flow within limits. [NIST]

Example(s)
A vacuum bag contains debris vacuumed from a house. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000055c

to supplyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000140
Description

To provide a flow from storage. [NIST]

Example(s)
In a flashlight, the battery supplies energy to the bulb. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000137c

to trackc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000141
Description

To observe and record data from a flow. [NIST]

Example(s)
By tracking the performance of batteries, the low efficiency point can be determined. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000010c

to stabilizec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000142
Description

To prevent a flow from changing course or location. [NIST]

Example(s)
On a typical canister vacuum, the center of gravity is placed at a low elevation to stabilize the vacuum when it is pulled by the hose. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000028c

to positionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000143
Description

To place a flow (material, energy, signal) into a specific location or orientation. [NIST]

Example(s)
The coin slot on a soda machine positions the coin to begin the coin evaluation and transportation procedure. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000028c

to decomposec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000185
Description

To decompose is the function to breakdown a single phase into two or more phases by heating or treatment with acid, alkali or enzymes. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000009c

to transportc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000186
Description

To transport is the function to transfer material. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000187c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000046c

to transferc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000187
Description

To shift, or convey, a flow (material, energy, signal) from one place to another. [NIST]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000111c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000045c
af-fn:AFFN_0000043c
af-fn:AFFN_0000186c

to maintainc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000191
Description

The function to maintain something. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000123c

to combinec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000195
Description

The function to make a whole out of many. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c
Sub-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000008c
af-fn:AFFN_0000007c

to producec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000196
Description

The function to bring something into existence. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000034c

to samplec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/function#AFFN_0000201
Description

To sample is the function of to take parts or partitions of an object aggregate or data set for the interest for studying it. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-fn:AFFN_0000104c

materialc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000275
Description

A material entity that occupies space and possesses a rest mass. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000040c
Sub-classes af-m:AFM_0000877c
af-e:AFE_0002099c

cellc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000341
Description

A material entity of anatomical origin (part of or deriving from an organism) that has as its parts a maximally connected cell compartment surrounded by a plasma membrane. [CL]

Super-classes cdao:CARO_0000006c

natural materialc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000877
Description

A natural material is any product or physical matter that comes from plants, animals, or the ground. Minerals and the metals that can be extracted from them (without further modification) are also considered to belong into this category. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000275c
Sub-classes cdao:ENVO_00002005c
cdao:OBI_0100026c
cdao:CARO_0000006c

energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000880
Description

Energy must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat the object. It can be converted in form, but not created or destroyed. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000040c
Sub-classes af-m:AFM_0000881c
af-m:AFM_0000888c
af-m:AFM_0000885c
af-m:AFM_0000882c
af-m:AFM_0000883c
af-m:AFM_0000884c
af-m:AFM_0000889c
af-m:AFM_0000886c

thermal energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000881
Description

A form of energy that is transferred between bodies as a result of a temperature difference. [NIST]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000880c

mechanic translational energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000882
Description

Energy flow generated or required by a translation or virtual translation. [NIST]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000880c

chemical energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000883
Description

Work resulting from the reactions by which substances are produced from or converted into other substances. [NIST]

Example(s)
A battery converts the flow of chemical energy into electical energy.

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000880c

electrical energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000884
Description

Work resulting from the flow of electrons from a negative to a positive source. [NIST]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000880c

mechanic rotational energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000885
Description

Energy that results from a rotation or a virtual rotation. [NIST]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000880c

hydraulic energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000886
Description

Work that results from the movement or force of a liquid, including hydrostatic forces. [NIST]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000880c

electromagnetic energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000888
Description

Energy that is propagated through free space or through a material medium in the form of electro-magnetic waves. [NIST]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000880c
Sub-classes af-m:AFM_0001057c
af-m:AFM_0001055c
af-m:AFM_0001054c
af-m:AFM_0001058c
af-m:AFM_0001056c

pneumatic energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000889
Description

Work resulting from a compressed gas. [NIST]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000880c

X-ray radiationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001054
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-ray
Description

A form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength ranging from 0.01 to 10 nanometers. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000888c

visible lightc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001055
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light
Description

Electromagnetic radiation which is visible to the human eye and is responsible for the sense of sight. Visible light is usually defined as having wavelengths in the range of 400–700 nanometers. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000888c

ultraviolet radiationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001056
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultraviolet
Description

An electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000888c

infrared radiationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001057
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infrared
Description

Electromagnetic radiation with longer wavelengths than those of visible light. It extends from the nominal red edge of the visible spectrum at 700 nanometer, to 1 micrometers. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000888c

gamma radiationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001058
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamma_ray
Description

Electromagnetic radiation of a kind arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei and having wavelengths less than 10 picometers. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-m:AFM_0000888c

volumetryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000022
Description

Volumetry is a type of quantitative analysis that measures the quantity of a compound by quantifying its volume. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

Raman spectroscopyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000047
Description

Any type of vibrational spectroscopy where the Raman scattering of monochromatic light, usually from a laser in the visible, near infrared, or near ultraviolet range by a sample is detected. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001462c

granulometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000057
Description

The measurement of the size distribution in a collection of grains. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

optical density measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000080
Description

The measurement of the light transmitted through a sample for a given wavelength. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

zeta-potential measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000109
Description

The measurement of the overall charge a particle acquires in a specific medium. A number of different experimental methods can be used including electrophoretic light scattering and laser Doppler velocimetry. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

dissolvingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000112
Description

A mixing step where a soluble component is mixed with a liquid component. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001135c

flame ionization measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000142
Description

A flame ionization measurement is a measurement which is sensitive to compounds containing C-H bonds. A flow of carrier gas containing the sample is mixed with H2 and air and ignited. Any positively-charged radicals resulting from this process are collected at a cathode, allowing the current to be measured. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

cleaningc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000161
Description

Cleaning is the process of getting rid of dirt, impurities, or extraneous unwanted matter. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003336c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001878c
af-p:AFP_0002764c
af-p:AFP_0002683c
af-p:AFP_0001951c

liquid chromatographyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000225
Description

Column chromatography where the mobile phase is a liquid. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001321c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001192c
af-p:AFP_0001543c

reflectometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000229
Description

Any method for determining structure by directing a beam of particles or X-rays onto an extremely flat surface and measuring the intensity of the reflected radiation as a function of angle. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

supercritical-fluid chromatographyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000253
Description

Column chromatography where the mobile phase is a fluid above and relatively close to its critical temperature and pressure. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001321c

vortexingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000254
Description

Vortexing is a process of mixing that creates a vortex in the solution usually using a vortexer. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001135c

porosimetryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000260
Description

The measurement of the pore diameter, pore-size distribution and total pore volume of a sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

fraction collectionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000264
Source PAC, 1993, 65, 819 (Nomenclature for chromatography (IUPAC Recommendations 1993))
Description

Fraction collection is the collection of fractional volumes of the column effluent. [IUPAC]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003385c

spectrophotometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000266
Description

A type of spectroscopy where the sample absorbs radiation in the range ultraviolet to near-infrared (0.1-2.5 µm) resulting in electronic transitions within the sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001655c

gas chromatographyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000310
Description

Column chromatography where the mobile phase is a gas. [CHMO]

Example(s)
An instance of gas chromatography can be a single-injection GC run.

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001321c

dilatometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000373
Description

The measurement and study of dimensional changes in polymers as a function of temperature, fluid absorption, mechanical stress or chemical reaction. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

cellular assayc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000378
Description

An assay that generates data about the presence, quantity, structure, function, behavior, or activity of cells, or a process that occurs at a cellular level of anatomical granularity (includes subcellular structures and organelles). [VIVO-ISF]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001116c

separatingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000422
Description

A branching process that isolates flows into distinct component flows. The separated components are distinct from the flow before separation, as well as each other. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003332c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003336c
af-p:AFP_0003473c
af-p:AFP_0003335c

planningc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000498
Description

A process of creating or modifying a plan specification. [OBI]

Example(s)
The process of a scientist thinking about and deciding what reagents to use as part of a protocol for an experiment. Note that the scientist could be human or a robot scientist executing software. [OBI]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003299c

weighingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000503
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weight
Description

Weighing is the measuring of weight of an object. Weight related to the amount of force acting on the object, either due to gravity or to a reaction force that holds it in place. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

peak pickingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000516
Description

Peak picking is a data transformation to convert profile spectral data into centroided spectral data. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

conductometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000525
Description

The measurement of the conductance of a solution as a function of concentration. Measurements are made indirectly across the resistance of the solution with alternating current. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

spectrometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000527
Description

The study of the interaction of a sample with radiation or particles for measurement or detection. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003556c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001462c
af-p:AFP_0001655c

osmometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000620
Description

The measurement of the osmotic strength of a substance which often used to determine its molecular weight. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

loadingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000708
Description

Loading is the addition of a material to a new location. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
The loading step of IEF is the mixing of the sample with the appropriate ampholytes and loading the mixture into the capillary. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003349c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003666c

amperometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000733
Description

An electrochemical technique where the cell current is measured whilst the potential difference between the indicator and reference electrodes is controlled. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

dilutionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000785
Description

Dilution is the process of adding a solvent to a solution to lower its concentration. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001135c

annealingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000792
Description

A heat treatment that alters the microstructure of a material causing changes in its properties such as strength and hardness. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003566c

purificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000812
Description

A purification is a removing process that is used to physically separate an analyte from byproducts, reagents or contaminating substances. [Allotrope, CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003473c

rheometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000840
Description

The study of the flow of fluids which cannot be defined by a single value of viscosity. Rheometry is the measurement of the relationship between deformation and stress for these liquids. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

sorption-desorption measurementsc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000855
Description

A method for determining surface area by measuring the amount of an inert gaseous or liquid substance (the 'sorbent', usually H2 or N2) which adsorbs onto the surface of interest (the 'sorbate'), and the subsequent amount that desorbs at a constant temperature. Regression analysis is then applied to the data, resulting in an isotherm. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

gravimetryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000862
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravimetry
Description

Gravimetry is the measurement of the strength of a gravitational field. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

voltammetryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000869
Description

An electrochemical technique where the cell current is measured as a function of time and as a function of the potential between the indicator and reference electrodes. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

detectingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000925
Source https://jcgm.bipm.org/vim/en/3.9.html
Description

Detecting is observing the presence of an entity. This occurs when a threshold value of a quantity (quality, disposition, process property) is exceeded. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003305c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0002541c

integrationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000970
Description

The method used to obtain the integral of a function or curve. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003282c

peak separationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000979
Description

Peak separation is a data transformation that allows to distinguish between two peaks. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

removing datac # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0000983
Description

Removing data is a data transformation that removes parts from an aggregate of data. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

electron capture measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001113
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electron_capture_detector#Gas_chromatograph_detector
Description

Electron capture measurement is a measurement that is sensitive to electronegative compounds (e.g. halogenated compounds). A beta-particle emitter (e.g. 63Ni) is used to produce an electron beam, which is passed between two electrodes. As the sample is passed through the e-beam, organic functional groups interact with the electrons, interrupting the current. [Allotrope, CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

blood measurement methodc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001114
Description

A measurement of the blood, it's contents, cells or other factors contained within the blood. [CMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002212c

biological measurement methodc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001116
Description

The determination of the relative strength of a substance (e.g., a drug or hormone or toxicant) by comparing its effect on a test organism with that of a standard preparation. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002680c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000378c

polarimetryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001134
Description

The measurement of the extent to which a sample interacts with polarized electromagnetic radiation by transmission, reflection, refraction, or diffraction. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

mixingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001135
Description

The combining of components, particles or layers into a more homogeneous state. The mixing may be achieved manually or mechanically by shifting the material with stirrers or pumps or by revolving or shaking the container. The process must not permit segregation of particles of different size or properties. Homogeneity may be considered to have been achieved in a practical sense when the sampling error of the processed portion is negligible compared to the total error of the measurement system. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003354c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000785c
af-p:AFP_0001457c
af-p:AFP_0001649c
af-p:AFP_0001698c
af-p:AFP_0001953c
af-p:AFP_0000254c
af-p:AFP_0000112c

quantitative analysis assayc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001185
Source PAC, 1995, 67, 1699 (Nomenclature in evaluation of analytical methods including detection and quantification capabilities (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1701
Description

A measurement method which obtains the concentration or quantity of a specified substance in an analyte. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003491c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0002216c

liquid-solid chromatographyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001192
Description

Column chromatography where the mobile phase is a liquid and the stationary phase is a solid. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000225c

charge transport measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001227
Description

Any technique for measuring charge transport. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

magnetometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001266
Description

The measurement of the strength and/or direction of magnetic fields, or the magnetic susceptibility of a sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

sampling materialc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001319
Description

Sampling material is sampling of a material of interest for studying. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
pulling a small sample outside a bioreactor

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003634c

chromatographyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001321
Description

A separation method where the components are distributed between two phases, one of which is stationary, while the other moves in a definite direction. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003335c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000225c
af-p:AFP_0000253c
af-p:AFP_0000310c

synthesisc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001348
Description

Synthesis is a planned material process that combines, changes or converts material to produce a new material. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001426c

electroporationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001367
Description

A method for introducing polar molecules into a host cell through the cell membrane. A large electric pulse (300-400 mV for <1 ms) temporarily disturbs the phospholipid bilayer, allowing molecules like DNA to pass into the cell. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003312c

formulation processc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001426
Description

The process of formulation allows the preparation of mixtures of components in accordance with a formula and documents the composition. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001348c

physical blendingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001457
Description

The process of making a polymer blend by mechanically mixing different polymers together in the melt. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001135c

scattering spectroscopyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001462
Description

Any method that measures the amount of light that a substance scatters at certain wavelengths, incident angles, and polarization angles. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000527c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000047c

coolingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001478
Description

The transfer of thermal energy from a material to its surrounding environment. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003367c

differentiationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001499
Description

The method to obtain the derivative of a function or curve. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003282c

filtrationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001530
Description

The process of segregation of phases; the separation of suspended solids from a liquid or gas, usually by forcing a carrier gas or liquid through a porous medium. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003336c

liquid-liquid chromatographyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001543
Description

Column chromatography where both the mobile phase and the stationary phase are liquids. The stationary phase must be immiscible and insoluble in the mobile phase and is usually supported on a suitable material such as a diatomaceous earth. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000225c

equilibrationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001606
Description

Equilibration is the process of bring the state of a system to an equilibrium. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003486c

assemblingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001640
Description

The process of fitting device components together to form a system. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003357c

piece countingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001645
Description

Piece counting is determining the number of objects in an object aggregate. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

homogenizationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001649
Description

The intensive mixing of mutually insoluble phases (sometimes with addition of surfactants) to obtain a soluble suspension or emulsion. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001135c

dielectrometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001650
Description

The measurement of the relative permittivity of a solution as a function of concentration. Measurements are made indirectly across the resistance of the solution with alternating current. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

electronic spectroscopyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001655
Description

Any spectroscopic method which probes the electronic degrees of freedom of an atom or molecule. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000527c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000266c

densitometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001666
Description

The measurement of the density of a sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

stirringc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001698
Description

A preparative step involving the agitation of a solution through circular motion. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001135c

rinsingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001750
Description

Rinsing is the process of washing quickly a device with a solution. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001878c

Fourier transformationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001756
Description

The Fourier transformation decomposes a function of time (e.g. a signal) into the frequencies that make it up. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003282c

aspiratingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001824
Description

Aspirating is the process of sample preparation that is to draw an amount of a liquid by suction and then expel the liquid. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003312c

pH measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001861
Description

The measurement of pH is the negative logarithm to base ten of the hydrogen ion activity in a solution, this measures the degree of acidity or alkalinity. Operationally the pH of a solution X, pH(X), is measured relative to that of a standard reference solution, pH(S), and defined as pH(X) = pH(S) - (E(X) - E(S))/(RT/F)ln 10, where E(X) and E(S) are the electromotive forces measured in cells containing the solution X and the reference solution respectively. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

washingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001878
Description

Washing is a process by which a material entity acting as contaminant (e.g. excess staining reagent) is removed by application of one or more cycles of solution in flow. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000161c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001750c

luminescence measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001909
Description

The measurement of luminescence from a material. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

primingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001951
Description

Priming is a type of cleaning that happens at the beginning of a period of time and results in the device being filled with the appropriate reagents. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
prime of a cell counter analyzer at the beginning of a day

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000161c

invertingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001953
Description

Inverting is a sample preparation step of mixing. It is homogenization by switching the y-axis of a sample several times, turning it upside down using a syringe. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001135c

coulometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001955
Description

An electrochemical technique where the total Coulombs of electricity required to complete (fully oxidize or fully reduce the sample in) an electrochemical reaction is measured. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

coatingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0001986
Description

The application of a thin cover to a material. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003357c

interferometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002065
Description

The measurement of the properties of two or more lasers or waves by studying the pattern of interference created by their superposition. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

tensiometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002122
Description

The measurement of the surface tension of a liquid. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

viscometryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002171
Description

The measurement of the viscosity of fluids by observing the relative motion of the fluid and an object. Viscometry is used to measure the molecular weight of polymers. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

concentratingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002185
Description

A preparative step where the concentration of one component is increased. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003368c

electronic absorbance measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002188
Description

Electronic absorption measurement is a measurement that is based on the absorption of energy by electronic transitions. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

passagingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002204
Description

In biology, a subculture is a new cell or microbiological culture made by transferring some or all cells from a previous culture to fresh growth medium. This action is called subculturing or passaging the cells. Subculture is used to prolong the life and/or expand the number of cells or microorganisms in the culture. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003312c

thermal conductivity measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002206
Description

A measuring that is sensitive to inorganic gases. A hot (450 deg. C) filament is used to heat a carrier gas containing the sample and the difference in thermal conductivity caused by the presence of the sample is measured. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

clinical measurement methodc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002212
Description

A quantitative or qualitative value which is the result of an act of assessing a morphological or physiological state or property in a single individual or sample or a group of individuals or samples, based on direct observation or experimental manipulation. [CMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003556c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001114c

oximetryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002216
Description

Any technique used to measure the levels of oxygen in a sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0001185c

refractive index measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002239
Description

A measuring based on the change in refractive index of a solution. Light is passed through a hollow prism and focused on a photocell. When a liquid containing the sample is allowed to flow through the prism, the light diverges from its original path and the change in intensity and angle of the transmitted light is measured. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

sonicationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002293
Description

The irradiation of a liquid sample with sound (20-20 000 Hz) waves resulting in agitation. Sound waves propagate into the liquid media result in alternating high-pressure (compression) and low-pressure (rarefaction) cycles. During rarefaction, high-intensity sonic waves create small vacuum bubbles or voids in the liquid, which then collapse violently (cavitation) during compression, creating very high local temperatures. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003349c

measuringc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002294
Source https://jcgm.bipm.org/vim/en/2.1.html
Description

Measuring is observing a property of an entity called a quantity, that has a magnitude that can be expressed as a number and a reference to another entity, and obtaining one or more quantity values for it. The observed entity is a quality or a disposition for a continuant, for a process it is a process property such as duration. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003305c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000260c
af-p:AFP_0002434c
af-p:AFP_0003541c
af-p:AFP_0001666c
af-p:AFP_0000022c
af-p:AFP_0001113c
af-p:AFP_0000109c
af-p:AFP_0000142c
af-p:AFP_0003627c
af-p:AFP_0001134c
af-p:AFP_0001645c
af-p:AFP_0000620c
af-p:AFP_0000733c
af-p:AFP_0002122c
af-p:AFP_0002188c
af-p:AFP_0000373c
af-p:AFP_0000525c
af-p:AFP_0001909c
af-p:AFP_0001266c
af-p:AFP_0000229c
af-p:AFP_0000080c
af-p:AFP_0000862c
af-p:AFP_0002715c
af-p:AFP_0001861c
af-p:AFP_0001227c
af-p:AFP_0000869c
af-p:AFP_0002716c
af-p:AFP_0002239c
af-p:AFP_0002309c
af-p:AFP_0002788c
af-p:AFP_0002206c
af-p:AFP_0002800c
af-p:AFP_0000503c
af-p:AFP_0002171c
af-p:AFP_0000855c
af-p:AFP_0001650c
af-p:AFP_0000057c
af-p:AFP_0001955c
af-p:AFP_0000840c
af-p:AFP_0002065c

data apodizationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002296
Description

A term used meaning the processing and manipulation of the spectral data produced for the purposes of improving spectral appearance, change the signal to noise ratio (S/N), or resolution. The term is often collectively used in conjunction with line broadening, sharpening, averaging, smoothing. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

colorimetryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002309
Description

The determination of the spectral absorbance of a solution. This method is often used to determine the concentration of a chemical in a solution. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

calibrationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002389
Source JCGM 200:2008 International vocabulary of metrology — Basic and general concepts and associated terms (VIM)
Description

Calibration is the comparison of measurement values delivered by a device under test with those of a calibration standard of known accuracy. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003599c

pipetingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002397
Description

Pipeting transfers a given amount of liquid solution using a pipette, dropper or pipettor. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003312c

velocimetryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002434
Description

The measurement of the velocity of a moving object or medium. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

ion detectionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002541
Description

Ion detection is detecting the presence of ions. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000925c

vapor generationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002670
Description

The producing of vapor. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003566c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0002702c

assayc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002680
Description

A planned process with the objective to produce information about the material entity that is the evaluand, by physically examining it or its proxies. [OBI]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001116c
af-p:AFP_0003556c
af-p:AFP_0003491c

dedustingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002683
Description

Dedusting is the process of removal of dust. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000161c

fingerprintingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002691
Description

Fingerprinting is the process of comparison or overlay of measured spectra with existing reference spectra. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003599c

t-testc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002693
Description

The t-test is a process of quantifying the closeness of two sets of data points. It is defined as the ratio of the difference between the means of the two sets divided by the standard error of the difference. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002834c

closed loop vapor generationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002702
Description

The closed loop uses feedback control for the regulation of the vapor generation. The system continuously detects deviations from the target partial pressure and adjusts the vapor generation correspondingly. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002670c

sieve analysisc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002715
Description

Sieve analysis is a process of particle sizing by filtering particles according to their size through sieves with decreasing pore size. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

particle sizingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002716
Description

Particle sizing is an experimental method for the investigation of particle sizes in a sample. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

tube breedingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002764
Description

Tube breeding is a process of cleaning vacuum tubes in order to remove any impurities. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000161c

fluorimetryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002788
Description

An assay in which a materials fluorescence is determined. [VIVO-ISF]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

packingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002792
Description

Packing is the process of transferring an object into a container as a densely packed phase. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
packing a column with the solid phase

packing a sample into a ssNMR rotor

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003312c

concentration measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002800
Description

An concentration measurement is the determination of the concentration of a compound in solution. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
quick slope, linearity measurement, UV measurement in which the cell pathlength is varied. [Allotrope].

protein concentration measurement

simple read, i.e. simple measurement at a defined wavelength

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

pressure controlc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002832
Description

A process that regulates pressure. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003361c

temperature controlc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002833
Description

A process that regulates a temperature. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003361c

testc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002834
Description

A test can be considered a technical operation or procedure that consists of determination of one or more characteristics of a given product, process or service according to a specified procedure. Often a test is part of an experiment. The test result can be qualitative (yes/no), categorical, or quantitative (a measured value). It can be a personal observation or the output of a precision measuring instrument. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0002693c

compressionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002843
Description

Compression is the act of reducing volume by applying a force. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
In the case of tablets it is the act of forming a solid plug from individual powder / granule components.

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003367c

quantificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0002849
Description

In mathematics and empirical science, quantification (or quantitation) is the act of counting and measuring that maps human sense observations and experiences into members of some set of numbers. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c

data acquisitionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003095
Description

Data acquisition is the process of sampling signals that measure real world physical conditions and converting the resulting samples into digital numeric values that can be manipulated by a computer. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003385c

structure determinationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003274
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_structure
Description

A chemical structure determination includes a chemist's specifying the molecular geometry and, when feasible and necessary, the electronic structure of the target molecule or other solid. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003299c

quality process profilec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003281
Description

A quality process profile is a process profile that covers the change of a quality of an independent continuant that is participant of the profiles process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000144c

calculationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003282
Description

A calculation is a process by which a data transformation technique that involves problem solving for numbers or quantities is performed. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001756c
af-p:AFP_0003297c
af-p:AFP_0003568c
af-p:AFP_0001499c
af-p:AFP_0000970c

drawingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003284
Description

Drawing is the process by which an object or liquid is extracted from a container or receptacle. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003576c

endc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003286
Description

The process boundary when the process ends. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000035c

peak analysisc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003290
Description

A peak analysis is a data transformation on a peak that analyzes peak facets. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003571c
af-p:AFP_0003570c

ratio calculationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003297
Description

A ratio calculation is the process of performing the mathematical exercise of dividing a quotient of one quantity by another quotient to demonstrate the quantitative relation between two amounts showing the number of times one value contains or is contained within the other. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003282c

specifyingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003299
Description

Specifying is a process that produces an information object which describes constraints or objectives on characteristics like qualities, functions, dispositions, facets of continuants or processes. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003274c
af-p:AFP_0000498c

observingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003305
Description

Observation is the active acquisition of information from a primary source. In living beings, observation employs the senses. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003681c
af-p:AFP_0002294c
af-p:AFP_0000925c

containing statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003306
Description

The state of keeping a flow within spatial limits. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
A vacuum bag contains debris vacuumed from a house. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003551c

transferringc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003312
Description

Transferring is channeling a flow (material, energy, signal) from one place to another. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003348c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003577c
af-p:AFP_0003646c
af-p:AFP_0003314c
af-p:AFP_0001367c
af-p:AFP_0002204c
af-p:AFP_0002397c
af-p:AFP_0001824c
af-p:AFP_0002792c

communicatingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003314
Description

Communicating is transferring information from one material entity to another. This can be by way of a material or energy connecting the entity or by transporting the material bearing the information between the locations. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003312c

producingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003315
Description

A process where some new material entity or information content entity does not exists at the start of the process but is existing at the end by way of the process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003620c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003538c
af-p:AFP_0001348c
af-p:AFP_0003645c
af-p:AFP_0003644c
af-p:AFP_0003584c
af-p:AFP_0003637c
af-p:AFP_0003583c
af-p:AFP_0003299c
af-p:AFP_0002849c
af-p:AFP_0002680c
af-p:AFP_0003305c
af-p:AFP_0003552c
af-p:AFP_0002834c
af-p:AFP_0003599c
af-p:AFP_0003603c
af-p:AFP_0003319c

consumingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003316
Description

A process where a essential material entity participant ceases to exist at the end and it was existing at the start. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003620c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003554c
af-p:AFP_0003318c

consuming energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003318
Description

Consuming energy is a consuming that consumes energy. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003316c

producing energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003319
Description

Producing energy is the producing of energy (from an unspecified energy source). [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c

recordingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003325
Description

The process of copying the information in a signal into a persistent information bearer. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003565c

startc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003328
Description

The process boundary when the process starts. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000035c

selectingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003329
Description

The partitioning of some object aggregate. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003403c

referencingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003330
Description

Referencing is the process of mentioning or referring to an entity by using a denotation of the entity. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003620c

maintainingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003331
Description

Maintaining is a regulating process that keeps some or all of the characteristics of a material over time within a specification. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003485c

branchingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003332
Description

The process of causing a flow to no longer be topologically connected. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003400c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000422c
af-p:AFP_0003403c
af-p:AFP_0003634c

dividingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003335
Description

Dividing is a separating of flows focused on all parts of the flow. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000422c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001321c

extractingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003336
Description

Separating by drawing, or forcibly pulling out, a flow that is of a different kind than that of the input flow. [Allotrope, NIST]

Example(s)
A vacuum cleaner extracts debris from the imported mixture and exports clean air to the environment. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000422c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001530c
af-p:AFP_0000161c

localizingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003348
Description

A processing that affects the spatial location or orientation of some participants. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003620c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003350c
af-p:AFP_0003351c
af-p:AFP_0003409c
af-p:AFP_0003349c
af-p:AFP_0003312c

importingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003349
Description

Importing is a channeling that brings in a flow (material, energy, signal) from outside of a boundary to the inside. [Allotrope, NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003348c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000708c
af-p:AFP_0003431c
af-p:AFP_0002293c

exportingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003350
Description

Exporting is a channeling that sends a flow (material, energy, signal) from inside of a boundary to the outside. [Allotrope, NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003348c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003576c
af-p:AFP_0003432c

guidingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003351
Description

Guiding is directing the course of a flow (material, energy, signal) along a specific path. [Allotrope, NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003348c

connectingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003354
Description

Connecting is bringing two or more topological flows into connection. [Allotrope, NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003475c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001135c
af-p:AFP_0003356c

couplingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003356
Description

Coupling is connecting together material such that the members are still distinguishable from each other. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003354c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003358c
af-p:AFP_0003357c

joiningc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003357
Description

Joining is the direct coupling of flows without any intermediary flow. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003356c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001640c
af-p:AFP_0001986c

linkingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003358
Description

Linking is coupling flows together by means of an intermediary flow. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003356c

controllingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003359
Description

Controlling is changing or regulating a flow in its magnitude. [NIST, Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003620c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003486c
af-p:AFP_0003360c
af-p:AFP_0003424c
af-p:AFP_0003485c

actuatingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003360
Description

Actuating is the process of commencing the flow of energy, signal, or material in response to an imported control signal. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003359c

regulating materialc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003361
Description

Regulating material is adjusting a quality of material in response to a control signal. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
regulating the temperature

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003485c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0002832c
af-p:AFP_0002833c

shapingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003364
Description

Shaping is changing the material in regard to spatial form. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003486c

decrementingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003367
Description

Decrementing is reducing the magnitude of a quality in a predetermined and fixed manner. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003486c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001478c
af-p:AFP_0003420c
af-p:AFP_0002843c

incrementingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003368
Description

Incrementing is enlarging the magnitude of a quality in a predetermined and fixed manner. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003486c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0002185c
af-p:AFP_0003419c

achievementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003370
Description

A process boundary based on some physical characteristics at the start or end of some process changing these characteristics. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000035c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003408c
af-p:AFP_0003450c
af-p:AFP_0003393c
af-p:AFP_0003437c

accomplishmentc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003371
Description

A non-cumulative process (event) that is non-atomic. [DOLCE]

Example(s)
leaving a place

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000015c

statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003374
Description

A state is a homomeric, cumulative process in which all the temporal parts are described by the same expression used for the whole. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
corroding

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000015c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003641c
af-p:AFP_0003433c
af-p:AFP_0003464c
af-p:AFP_0003395c
af-p:AFP_0003594c
af-p:AFP_0003457c
af-p:AFP_0003563c
af-p:AFP_0003449c
af-p:AFP_0003470c
af-p:AFP_0003673c
af-p:AFP_0003459c
af-p:AFP_0003456c
af-p:AFP_0003623c
af-p:AFP_0003458c
af-p:AFP_0003640c

collectingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003385
Source cdao:NCIT_C25453
Description

The act of gathering things together; having been brought together in one place. [NCI]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003475c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000264c
af-p:AFP_0003095c

arrivalc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003393
Description

Arrival is the archivement of reaching the destination site in a moving process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003370c

repellingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003394
Description

A spatial change processing the increases the spatial distance from the start. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003464c

resting statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003395
Description

A state when material object keeps its spatial location and orientation. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c

attractingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003396
Description

A spatial change state the decreases the spatial distance at the end. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003464c

mereotopological processc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003400
Description

A process that affects the topological connectedness or parthood of two or more flows. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003620c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003332c
af-p:AFP_0003475c

partitioningc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003403
Description

A processing that causes a flow to break up into disconnected partitions. The individual bits are similar to each other and the undistributed material. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003332c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003329c
af-p:AFP_0003573c

blockingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003404
Description

A state of keeping two materials topologically disconnected by a separation medium. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003456c

departurec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003408
Description

Departure is the archivement of leaving the source site in a moving process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003370c

positioningc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003409
Description

An achievement that aims for a specific the spatial location and orientation of a material entity. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003348c

converting energyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003416
Description

Changing from one form of a flow energy to another. [NIST]

Example(s)
A motor converts energy into mechanical energy.

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003565c

chargingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003419
Description

Increasing the amount of energy in a system. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003368c

dischargingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003420
Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003367c

stoppingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003424
Description

Stopping it the process of ceasing or preventing the transfer of a flow. [NIST]

Example(s)
A reflective coating on a window stops the transmission of UV radiation through a window. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003359c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003597c
af-p:AFP_0003596c

receivingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003431
Description

A process that transports a signal across a system boundary into the system. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003349c

sendingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003432
Description

A process that transports a signal across a system boundary out of the system. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003350c

sensing statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003433
Description

The state of perceiving or becoming aware of a signal. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003664c

displayingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003434
Description

The process of transforming a signal into a visual signal (color, pattern). [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003488c

emissionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003437
Description

The achievement that a signal has left a source in an information transmission. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003370c

holding in placec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003449
Description

A state of supporting a material to stay in a location or orientation. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c

receptionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003450
Description

The accomplishment that a transferred signal reaches at its designated target. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003370c

rate profilec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003454
Description

A rate profile is a process profile, which are the targets ratios of determinate quality magnitudes plotted over time. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000144c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003455c

cyclic rate profilec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003455
Description

A cyclic rate profile is a rate profile of a process that follows a cyclic pattern. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003454c

disconnected statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003456
Description

A state s with participating materials m1 and m2, and m1 is not connected to m2. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003404c

connected statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003457
Description

A state s with participating materials m1 and m2 and m1 is connected to m2. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003687c

meltingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003458
Description

The state of material becoming liquid from a solid. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c

solidifyingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003459
Description

The state of material becoming solid from liquid. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c

movingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003464
Description

A state when material is changing its position in space. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003595c
af-p:AFP_0003394c
af-p:AFP_0003396c

indicating statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003470
Description

The state when the role of a signal is realized independent of any other material entity that may sense (perceive) the signal. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c

trackingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003471
Description

The process of sensing signals and recording the information in the signals. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003488c

sorting materialc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003472
Description

Sorting is the dividing of material by an ordering criteria. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003573c

removingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003473
Description

Taking away a part of a flow from its prefixed place. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000422c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000812c

combiningc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003475
Description

Combining is the building of a whole out of parts. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003400c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003385c
af-p:AFP_0003354c

energizing statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003481
Description

State of making energy available for a consumer. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003553c

regulatingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003485
Description

Regulating is the adjusting of a flow in response to a control signal. [NIST]

Example(s)
Turning the valves regulates the flow rate of the liquid flowing from a faucet. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003359c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003361c
af-p:AFP_0003331c

changingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003486
Description

Changing is a processing by which an entity gains or looses parts, qualities, roles, dispositions, functions etc in a predetermined and fixed manner but maintains its identity. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003359c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003368c
af-p:AFP_0001606c
af-p:AFP_0003367c
af-p:AFP_0003364c

indicatingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003488
Description

Indicating is signaling to make something known to the user about a flow. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003552c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003471c
af-p:AFP_0003434c

analysis assayc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003491
Description

An assay with the objective to capture information about the presence, concentration or amount of an analyte in the evaluand. [OBI]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002680c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001185c

assessingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003538
Description

Assessing is evaluating or estimating a quality or behavior. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c

image analysisc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003540
Description

Image analysis is the discovering of patterns in an image that are correlated to qualities of the material entity the image represents or of abstract patterns. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

temperature measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003541
Description

A measurement that targets the temperature of some material entity. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

storing statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003551
Description

Storing is containing or collecting flows to accumulate. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003563c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003306c
af-p:AFP_0003564c

signalingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003552
Description

Signaling is the process of providing information on a material, energy or signal flow as an output signal. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003488c

supplying statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003553
Description

A supplying state is a providing state that makes energy or material available for processing or consumption. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
In a flashlight, the battery supplies energy to the bulb. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003563c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003481c

consuming signalc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003554
Description

Consuming signal is consuming of signals. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003316c

physical characterization assayc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003556
Description

An assay that examines physical qualities of material. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002680c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000527c
af-p:AFP_0002212c

providing statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003563
Description

Providing is the state of accumulating or supplying a material or energy flow. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003551c
af-p:AFP_0003553c

collecting statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003564
Description

A storing state that brings a flow together at one place. [NIST]

Example(s)
Solar panels collect ultraviolet sun rays to power small mechanisms. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003551c

convertingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003565
Description

Converting is a process that changes from one form of a flow (material, energy, signal) to another. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003620c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c
af-p:AFP_0003416c
af-p:AFP_0003639c
af-p:AFP_0003325c
af-p:AFP_0003566c

converting materialc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003566
Description

Changing from one form of a flow material to another. [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003565c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0000792c
af-p:AFP_0002670c

interpolationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003568
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interpolation
Description

Interpolation is the constructing new data points within the range of a discrete set of known data points. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003282c

peak height analysisc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003570
Description

A peak analysis that determines the peak height following a specified algorithm. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003290c

peak width analysisc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003571
Description

A peak analysis that determines the peak width following a specified algorithm. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003290c

totalingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003572
Description

Totaling is the calculation of a sum or an integral. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003656c

sortingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003573
Description

Sorting is distributing flows based on some associated physical quality or entity into distinct fractions according to a defined order. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003403c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003472c

takingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003576
Description

Taking material is the exporting of material from a location or site. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003350c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003284c

pumpingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003577
Description

Pumping is a material transport of fluids by suction or pressure or both. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003312c

data collectionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003581
Description

A data transformation that assigns some data to a collection. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

ordering datac # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003582
Description

Ordering data is the process of arranging data items systematically. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

denotingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003583
Description

Denoting is a process that assigns a symbol to an entity in order to reference it. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003585c

describingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003584
Description

Describing is a process by which an account of some relevant characteristics, qualities or events of an entity are given or presented. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003636c

identifyingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003585
Description

Identifying is recognizing an entity by some criteria and assigning an identifier to the entity. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003583c

indexingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003586
Description

Indexing is the process of organizing data according to a specific plan, usually to streamline data retrieval. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
assigning a sequence of numbers to data items

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

reflectionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003591
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reflection_(physics)
Description

Reflection is the change in direction of a wavefront at an interface between two different media so that the wavefront returns into the medium from which it originated. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003594c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003592c
af-p:AFP_0003593c

specular reflectionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003592
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Specular_reflection
Description

Specular reflection is the mirror-like reflection of waves, such as light, from a surface. In this process, each incident ray is reflected, with the reflected ray having the same angle to the surface normal as the incident ray. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003591c

diffuse reflectionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003593
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diffuse_reflection
Description

Diffuse reflection is the reflection of light or other waves or particles from a surface such that a ray incident on the surface is scattered at many angles rather than at just one angle as in the case of specular reflection. An ideal diffuse reflecting surface is said to exhibit Lambertian reflection, meaning that there is equal luminance when viewed from all directions lying in the half-space adjacent to the surface. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003591c

scatteringc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003594
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scattering
Description

Scattering is a general physical process where some forms of radiation, such as light, sound, or moving particles, are forced to deviate from a straight trajectory by one or more paths due to localized non-uniformities in the medium through which they pass. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003591c

deflectingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003595
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deflection_(physics)
Description

A deflection, in physics, refers to the change in an objects' acceleration as a consequence of contact (collision) with a surface or the influence of a field. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003464c

inhibitingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003596
Description

Significantly restraining a flow, though a portion of the flow continues to be transferred. [NIST]

Example(s)
The structures of space vehicles inhibits the flow of radiation to protect crew and cargo.

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003424c

preventingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003597
Description

Keeping a flow from happening. [NIST]

Example(s)
A submerged gate on a dam wall prevents water from flowing to the other side.  [NIST]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003424c

data transformationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003598
Description

A converting process that converts the signals from one form into another by changing its content. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003565c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0001994c
af-p:AFP_0003654c
af-p:AFP_0000979c
af-p:AFP_0003586c
af-p:AFP_0003619c
af-p:AFP_0003582c
af-p:AFP_0003290c
af-p:AFP_0003655c
af-p:AFP_0000983c
af-p:AFP_0003282c
af-p:AFP_0002296c
af-p:AFP_0003540c
af-p:AFP_0000516c
af-p:AFP_0003682c
af-p:AFP_0003581c

comparingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003599
Description

The observation or assessment of the similarities or dissimilarities between two things. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0002691c
af-p:AFP_0002389c

assigningc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003603
Description

Assigning is the producing of an assignment that asserts some relation between entities. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003618c

peak identificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003618
Description

Peak identification is an assigning of a peak to an analyte or portion of an analyte of interest. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003603c

peak detectionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003619
Description

Peak detection is a data transformation that finds peaks in a data distribution function. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

activityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003620
Description

An activity is a process that is cumulative but not homomeric. [Allotrope, DOLCE]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000015c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003359c
af-p:AFP_0003315c
af-p:AFP_0003348c
af-p:AFP_0003565c
af-p:AFP_0003316c
af-p:AFP_0003400c
af-p:AFP_0003330c

containingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003623
Description

Containing is the state of keeping an object in the inside of a cavity. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c

number density measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003627
Description

A measuring that targets the number density. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0002294c

samplingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003634
Description

Sampling is the process of taking parts or partitions of an object aggregate or data set for the interest for studying it. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003332c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003635c
af-p:AFP_0001319c

sampling datac # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003635
Description

Sampling data is sampling on a set of data items. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003634c

descriptive statisticsc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003636
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Descriptive_statistics
Description

Descriptive statistics is the process of using and analyzing descriptive statistics. A descriptive statistic is a summary statistic that quantitatively describes or summarizes features of a collection of information. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003584c

inferringc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003637
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inference
Description

Inferring is a process that produces logical consequences by steps of reasoning, moving from premises. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003638c

statistical inferencec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003638
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statistical_inference
Description

Statistical inference is the process of using data analysis to deduce properties of an underlying probability distribution. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003637c

markingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003639
Description

Marking is changing some quality of a material so that it concretizes a symbol. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
marking a square on the board

modifying a sample to be a marker

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003565c

dispersed statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003640
Description

Dispersed state is a state of a system in which discrete particles of one material are dispersed in a continuous phase of another material. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c

degradationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003641
Description

Degradation is the state of changing in the qualities of a material under the influence of one or more environmental factors such as heat, light or chemicals such as acids, alkalies and some salts to a lower level of quality. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c

approvingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003643
Description

Approving is agreeing to a proposition or accepting something as satisfactory towards an set objective. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003644c

decidingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003644
Description

Deciding is making a choice from a set of alternatives. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003643c

signingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003645
Description

A signing is attaching a signature to an information content entity. The signature is an identifier for the agent doing the signing. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003315c

submittingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003646
Description

Submitting is the transferring of a material or information from a sender (the submitter) to a receiver with the intent that the receiver acts on the transferred entity towards an objective stated by the submitter. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
the submitting of a sample for analysis

the submitting of a report for approval

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003312c

summarizingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003654
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Summary
Description

Shortening a passage or a write-up without changing its meaning but by using different words and sentences. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

data reductionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003655
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_reduction
Description

Data reduction is the transformation of numerical or alphabetical digital information derived empirically or experimentally into a corrected, ordered, and/or simplified form. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003657c
af-p:AFP_0003656c

data aggregationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003656
Description

Data aggregation is a data reduction that applies an aggregating function on the data to produce an aggregated (summary) datum from a collection of data items. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
averaging

totaling a sum

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003655c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003572c

averagingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003657
Description

Averaging is the calculation of a mean statistic or a temporal average value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003655c

detecting statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003664
Description

A detecting state is a state that occurs when a detector detects its detection target. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003433c

running statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003665
Description

A running state is a state during which a device or service performs its specified function in normal operation. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003673c

injectingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003666
Description

Injecting is the forceful loading of a fluid into the interior of some other object. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0000708c

idle statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003667
Description

An idle state is a state during which a device or service waits for being started to execute a planned process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003673c

completed statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003668
Description

A completed state is a state during which a planned process has run to completion and the device or service is waiting for a reset that cause the state to change to an idle state. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003673c

paused statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003669
Description

A paused state is a state during which a device or service waits for being resumed to continue a planned process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003673c

aborted statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003670
Description

An aborted state is a state during which a planned process has run to completion in an abnormal way and the device or service is waiting for a reset that cause the state to change to an idle state. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003673c

stopped statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003671
Description

A completed state is a state during which a planned process has run to an end and the device or service is waiting for a reset that cause the state to change to an idle state. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003673c

held statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003672
Description

A held state is a state during which a device or service waits for a longer time e.g. for maintenance. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003673c

process statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003673
Description

A process state is a state where a device or service is executing a planned process or is in a specific configuration. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003374c
Sub-classes af-p:AFP_0003668c
af-p:AFP_0003672c
af-p:AFP_0003669c
af-p:AFP_0003667c
af-p:AFP_0003670c
af-p:AFP_0003671c
af-p:AFP_0003665c

monitoringc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003681
Description

Monitoring is an observing of a quality important for the successful and/or safe operation of a controlled process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003305c

time domain zero paddingc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003682
Description

Time domain zero padding is a data transformation used in fourier transformation by padding the time domain with zero values. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003598c

coated statec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/process#AFP_0003687
Description

Coated state is the connected state when a substance covers the surface of another substance. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-p:AFP_0003457c

ratioc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000005
Description

A ratio is a relational quality that is the proportion of the magnitude of two qualities of the same kind. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000145c

inner diameterc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000018
Description

The inner diameter is the diameter of the inside of a device. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
opening of the soller slit

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0001334c

cylinder lengthc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000020
Description

Quality of a material entity of cylindrical or tubular shape which describes its length along its main (non-circular) dimension. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000122c

particle sizec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000026
Description

Quality of an independent continuant which describes the dimensions of an individual particle. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000117c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000121c

distancec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000032
Description

A quality that is the extent of space between two entities. [PATO]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000145c

device configurationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000036
Description

A device configuration is a range of determinate quality or combination of qualities that are present in some part of the device that influence participants in some of the functions of the device including the device itself. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
detector wavelength is a device configuration of a specific detector assembly, e.g. optical filters or of a controller in the detector to detect certain ranges of wavelength of the electromagnetic spectrum

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000204c
af-q:AFQ_0000205c

heat ratec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000042
Description

Quality of a bearer which describes the bearer's efficiency in terms of useful output energy. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000056c

linear velocityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000043
Description

Quality of velocity inhering in a bearer which is traveling in a straight line, meaning its direction is not changing. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0002242c

torquec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000045
Description

A physical quality that inheres in a bearer by virtue of its rotational force. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0001035c

voltage (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000048
Description

A quality which inheres in an independent continuant which has a difference in electric potential energy between two points per unit electric charge. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000065c

current (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000049
Description

A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's ability to conduct an electrical charge. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000065c

thermal qualityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000056
Description

A physical quality that inheres in a bearer by virtue of its material properties pertaining to temperature. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000042c
cdao:PATO_0000146c
af-q:AFQ_0000059c
af-q:AFQ_0000058c
af-q:AFQ_0000129c
af-q:AFQ_0000057c

thermal conductivityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000057
Description

A conductivity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's disposition to spontaneous transfer of thermal energy from a region of higher temperature to a region of lower temperature. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000056c

heat capacityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000058
Description

A physical quality that inheres in a bearer by virtue of its resistance or ability to change its temperature based on a change to the heat added or removed from said object (ratio of head added or removed from an object to the resulting temperature change). [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000056c

radiative emissivityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000059
Description

A physical quality that inheres in a bearer by virtue of its emissivity, which is defined as a material's effectiveness in emitting energy as thermal radiation. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000056c

absorbance (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000061
Source PAC, 1990, 62, 2167 (Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990))
Description

Absorbance is the logarithm of the ratio of intensities of electromagnetic radiation on both sides of a medium that the radiation passes through. Lambert-Beer's law states that absorbance is equal to the product of molar coefficient of absorbance of an absorbing compound in a medium times its concentration in the medium times path length of the electromagnetic radiation passing through the medium. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0001300c

focal lengthc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000062
Description

A physical quality that inheres in a bearer by virtue of how strongly the bearer converges or diverges light. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0001300c

reflectancec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000064
Source PAC, 2007, 79, 293 (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry, 3rd edition (IUPAC Recommendations 2006))
Description

Reflectance is an optical quality that is the fraction of incident radiation reflected by a surface or discontinuity. [IUPAC]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0001300c

electrical and magnetic qualityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000065
Description

A physical quality that inheres in an bearer by virtue of how that bearer interacts with electromagnetic radiation. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000049c
af-q:AFQ_0000048c
af-q:AFQ_0000067c

electric resistance (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000067
Description

Quality of a object or substance with the property of resisting opposing the flow of an electrical current. [NCI]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000065c

state of matterc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000111
Description

A state of matter is a quality of material that is one of the distinct forms in which matter can exist. Four states of matter are observable in everyday life: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. Many other states are known to exist only in extreme situations, such as Bose-Einstein condensates, neutron-degenerate matter, and quark-gluon plasma, which only occur in situations of extreme cold, extreme density, and extremely high-energy color-charged matter respectively. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000051c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000113c
af-q:AFQ_0000115c
af-q:AFQ_0000114c
af-q:AFQ_0000112c

solidc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000112
Description

A state of matter, in which particles are closely packed together. The forces between particles are strong so that the particles cannot move freely but can only vibrate. As a result, a solid has a stable, definite shape, and a definite volume. Solids can only change their shape by force, as when broken or cut. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000111c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000120c

liquidc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000113
Description

A state of matter that is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000111c

gasc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000114
Description

A state of matter that is a compressible fluid. Not only will a gas conform to the shape of its container but it will also expand to fill the container. In a gas, the molecules have enough kinetic energy so that the effect of intermolecular forces is small (or zero for an ideal gas), and the typical distance between neighboring molecules is much greater than the molecular size. A gas has no definite shape or volume, but occupies the entire container in which it is confined. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000111c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000119c

plasmac # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000115
Description

A physical quality that inheres in a bearer by virtue of its plasma is a state of matter, that is, it does not have definite shape or volume. Unlike gases, plasmas are electrically conductive, produce magnetic fields and electric currents, and respond strongly to electromagnetic forces. Positively charged nuclei swim in a "sea" of freely-moving disassociated electrons, similar to the way such charges exist in conductive metal. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000111c

shear modulusc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000116
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shear_modulus
Description

Shear modulus is a ratio of shear stress to the shear strain. It is a quantity for measuring the stiffness of materials. The shear modulus is concerned with the deformation of a material. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes (af-q:AFQ_0000005c and af-q:AFQ_0000210c)
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000118c

shear modulus of zero magnitudec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000118
Description

A zero shear modulus is a determinate shear modulus with zero magnitude. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000116c

supercritical fluidc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000119
Description

A gaseous state of matter in which temperature and pressure are above the critical temperature and critical pressure. In this state, the distinction between liquid and gas disappears. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000114c

gelc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000120
Description

A gel is a solid state of matter of jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough. Gels are defined as a substantially dilute cross-linked system, which exhibits no flow when in the steady-state. By weight, gels are mostly liquid, yet they behave like solids due to a three-dimensional cross-linked network within the liquid. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000112c

particle size above one micrometerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000121
Description

A particle size above one micrometer is a determinate quality of particle size that has a determinate magnitude of greater that one micrometer. Magnitude of particle size can be measured in different ways such as based on diameter of spherical objects. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000026c

exact massc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000123
Description

Exact mass is a quality of mass of an isotopic species that is obtained by summing the masses of the individual isotopes of the molecule. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000125c

fugacityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000129
Description

Thermodynamic property of a real gas that, if substituted for the pressure or partial pressure in the equations for an ideal gas, gives equations applicable to the real gas. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000056c

acoustic qualityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000138
Description

Property that inheres in an independent continuant having to do with sound or hearing. [NCI]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000139c
af-q:AFQ_0000141c

frequency responsec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000139
Description

Frequency response is the quantitative measure of the output spectrum of a system or device in response to a stimulus, and is used to characterize the dynamics of the system. It is a measure of magnitude and phase of the output as a function of frequency, in comparison to the input. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000138c

audible device noisec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000141
Description

An unintended or unpleasant sound that emanates from a device. [NCI]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000138c

polarizationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000142
Description

A physical quality that inheres in a bearer by virtue of the geometrical orientation of the oscillations of a transverse wave. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0001300c

flowabilityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000144
Source D. Schulze: Powders and Bulk Solids, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg (2008).
Description

Flowability is the quality of material to move by flow. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0001906c

frictionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000145
Description

Friction is a quality of an object which is resisting the force the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements produce when sliding against each other. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0001035c

amount of substancec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000166
Description

Amount of substance is a quality inhered in a portion of material that is a size that is proportional to the number of elementary entities present. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000179c

mass concentration (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000167
Source Green Book, 2nd ed.: IUPAC Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. Second Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1993.
Description

Mass concentration is a concentration that is defined as the mass of a constituent divided by the volume of the mixture. [IUPAC]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000033c

amount concentration (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000168
Source Green Book, 2nd ed.: IUPAC Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. Second Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1993.
Description

Amount concentration is the ratio of molar amount of a substance divided by volume of mixture containing the amount of substance. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000033c

volume fractionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000169
Source Green Book, 2nd ed.: IUPAC Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. Second Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1993.
Description

The volume fraction is a fraction pertaining the volume of a constituent divided by the total volume of all constituents in the mixture. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000172c

fractionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000172
Source Green Book, 2nd ed.: IUPAC Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. Second Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1993.
Description

A fraction is the ratio of one constitutent (part) to all constituents of a mixture. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000025c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000174c
af-q:AFQ_0000169c
af-q:AFQ_0000173c

mass fractionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000173
Source PAC, 1996, 68, 957 (Glossary of terms in quantities and units in Clinical Chemistry (IUPAC-IFCC Recommendations 1996))
Description

The mass fraction is a fraction pertaining the mass of a constituent divided by the total mass of all constituents in the mixture. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000172c

amount fractionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000174
Source Green Book, 2nd ed.: IUPAC Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. Second Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1993.
Description

The amount fraction is the ratio of the amount of a constituent divided by the total amount of all constituents in the mixture. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000172c

volume concentration (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000175
Source Green Book, 2nd ed.: IUPAC Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. Second Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1993.
Description

Volume concentration is a concentration that is defined as the volume of a constituent divided by the volume of the mixture. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000033c

number concentration (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000176
Source Green Book, 2nd ed.: IUPAC Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. Second Edition, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1993.
Description

Number concentration is a concentration defined by number of entities of a constituent in a mixture divided by the volume of the mixture. [IUPAC]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000033c

dilution ratioc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000177
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dilution_ratio
Description

The dilution ratio is the ratio of solute to solvent. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000224c

dilution factorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000178
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dilution_ratio
Description

Dilution factor is the ratio of the aliquot volume to the final volume. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000224c

amountc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000179
Description

The amount is the quality of a whole that is the number of entities that are part of the whole. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000166c

number densityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000180
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Number_density
Description

Number density is a quality of the amount of countable objects per units size. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c

pO2c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000195
Description

pO2 is the partial pressure of oxygen gas dissolved in a solution. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000208c

pCO2c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000196
Description

pCO2 is the partial pressure of carbon dioxide dissolved in a solution. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000208c

signal configurationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000200
Description

A signal configuration is a device configuration of a device producing or consuming signals, that controls the processing of a signal. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000204c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000201c
af-q:AFQ_0000202c

signal gain configurationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000201
Description

A gain setting is a signal configuration, that controls the amplification of an incoming or outgoing signal. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000200c

signal offset configurationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000202
Description

A signal offset configuration is a signal processing configuration, that adds/subtracts a fixed amount of magnitude to the signal strength or amplitude to move the zero reference. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000200c

controller configurationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000204
Description

A controller configuration is a device configuration of a controller, that directly influences the controlling process done by the controller towards a goal. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000036c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000200c

trigger configurationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000205
Description

A trigger configuration is a device configuration for a system with a sensor and an actor component, that directly influences when the sensor sends an activating signal to the actor based on an observation. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000036c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000206c

notification configurationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000206
Description

A notification setting is a trigger setting in a system that has a notification component, that controls when the component send out a notification signal. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
A pressure sensor measures the pressure of the liquid in the plumbing an if the notification setting on the pressure is above a maximum, it triggers the notification of a signaling device, such as a warning lamp.

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000205c

partial pressurec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000208
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partial_pressure
Description

Partial pressure is the notional pressure of a gas in a mixture of gases, if it alone occupied the entire volume of the original mixture at the same temperature. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0001025c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000196c
af-q:AFQ_0000195c

purityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000209
Description

Purity is a composition quality inhering in an bearer by virtue of the bearer lacking undesired components. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000025c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000216c

mechanical qualityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000210
Description

A physical quality that inheres in an bearer by virtue of how that bearer behaves when subjected to forces or displacements and the effect of their bodies on their environment. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000211c
af-q:AFQ_0000212c
cdao:PATO_0000125c
cdao:PATO_0001019c
cdao:PATO_0001025c
cdao:PATO_0001230c
cdao:PATO_0001906c
cdao:PATO_0001035c

strainc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000211
Description

Strain is a quality of deformation representing the displacement between particles in the body relative to a reference length. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000210c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000214c
af-q:AFQ_0000213c

shear stressc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000212
Description

A shearing force is applied to the top of the rectangle while the bottom is held in place. The resulting shear stress deforms the rectangle into a parallelogram. The area involved would be the top of the parallelogram. A shear stress is the component of stress coplanar with a material cross section. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000210c

normal strainc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000213
Description

A normal strain is strain perpendicular to the face of an element. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000211c

shear strainc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000214
Description

A shear strain is parallel to the face of an element. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000211c

total impuritiesc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000215
Description

Total impurities is a composition quality that is the sum of the mass of all impurities in a material. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000222c

stereochemical purityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000216
Description

A purity quality of a material with respect to its stereoisomers. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000209c

diastereomeric excessc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000217
Description

The absolute value of the mole fraction for one diastereomer in a mixture minus the mole fraction for the other. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000223c

diastereomeric ratioc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000218
Source doi:10.1359/goldbook.D01681
Description

The ratio of the percentage of one diastereomer in a mixture to that of the other. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000223c

enantiomeric ratioc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000219
Description

The ratio of the percentage of one enantiomer in a mixture to that of the other. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000223c

enantiomeric excessc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000220
Source doi:10.1359/goldbook.E02070
Description

The absolute value of the mole fraction for one enantiomer in a mixture minus the mole fraction for the other enantiomer. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000223c

excessc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000221
Description

An excess is a relational quality that is the difference in magnitude of two qualities of the same kind. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000145c

impurityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000222
Description

Impurity is a composition quality inhering in an bearer by virtue of the bearer having undesired components. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000025c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000215c

stereochemical compositionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000223
Description

Stereochemical composition is a composition quality based on the stereochemistry of its components. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000025c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000218c
af-q:AFQ_0000220c
af-q:AFQ_0000219c
af-q:AFQ_0000217c

dilution compositionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000224
Description

A dilution composition is a composition quality of a dilution. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000025c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000177c
af-q:AFQ_0000178c

reaction compositionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000225
Description

Reaction composition is a composition quality of a reaction mixture. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000025c
Sub-classes af-q:AFQ_0000226c
af-q:AFQ_0000228c
af-q:AFQ_0000227c

conversion (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000226
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conversion_(chemistry)
Description

Conversion is a reaction composition quality dependent on the fraction of reactant remaining. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000225c

yield (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000227
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conversion_(chemistry)
Description

Reaction yield is a reaction composition quality expressed as a percentage of the theoretical maximum mass of the product given the masses of the reactants. [CHMO,Allotrope]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000225c

reaction selectivityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000228
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conversion_(chemistry)
Description

Reaction selectivity is a reaction composition that is expressed as the number of moles of desired product per the number of moles of undesired product. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-q:AFQ_0000225c

wavenumber (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000235
Description

Wavenumber is a physical quality that inheres in a wave by virtue of the number of wave patterns per unit length along the direction of propagation. It is reciprocal to wavelength. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c

resolution (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000237
Source International Vocabulary of Metrology – Basic and General Concepts and Associated Terms (VIM 3rd edition) JCGM 200:2012
Description

Resolution is the quality of a sensor (measurement instrument, detector) to be able to measure the smallest change in a qualities that causes a perceptible change in the corresponding indication. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c

melting pointc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000238
Description

The melting point is the temperature where a material changes from the solid phase to the liquid phase. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000146c

polarity (quality)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000242
Description

Polarity is the quality inhered in an energy that is the positive or negative direction of an electrical, acoustical, or magnetic force relative to a reference state. [Allotrope, NCIT]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c

pore sizec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000244
Description

The average radius of the pores within the solid particles. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0002390c

fused corec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000245
Description

A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being only capable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices in outer layer of the solid and not its solid impermeable core. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:PATO_0000973c

chemical substance qualityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/quality#AFQ_0000250
Description

A chemical substance quality is a quality that inhers in some portion of chemical substance. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000019c
Sub-classes cdao:PATO_0001842c
cdao:PATO_0002027c
cdao:PATO_0000033c

actionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000001
Description

An action is a unit element in a procedure and is a concretization of an action specification. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:OBI_0000260c

procedurec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000002
Description

A procedure is plan containing multiple activities that are intended to be executed in an order following a procedure specification. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:OBI_0000260c

situationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000003
Description

Portion of reality that is realized in some process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000017c
Sub-classes af-re:AFRE_0000004c
af-re:AFRE_0000008c
af-re:AFRE_0000005c
af-re:AFRE_0000006c
af-re:AFRE_0000007c

configurationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000004
Description

A specific combination of qualities that the bearer realizes at some time. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-re:AFRE_0000003c

environmental situationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000005
Description

A situation that is realized in a processes outside the system boundary of an operation situation of a device. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
example: humid conditions

Super-classes af-re:AFRE_0000003c

operational situationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000006
Description

The situation when a device is performing its intended function. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-re:AFRE_0000003c

transitionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000007
Description

A transition is a situation that is realized when one or more preceding processes end and the one or more succeeding processes begin. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-re:AFRE_0000003c

triggerc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000008
Description

A realizable entity that when realized coincides with the start of some intended or causally dependent process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-re:AFRE_0000003c

chemical dispositionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000011
Description

A disposition of a portion of material to react with other materials in a specific way by nature of its chemical composition. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:BFO_0000016c
Sub-classes af-re:AFRE_0000015c
af-re:AFRE_0000014c

detergentc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000012
Description

A surfactant (or a mixture containing one or more surfactants) disposed to having cleaning properties in dilute solutions. [ChEBI]

Super-classes af-re:AFRE_0000013c

surfactantc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000013
Description

The disposition to lower the surface tension of the medium in which the material is dissolved, and/or the interfacial tension with other phases, and, accordingly, is positively adsorbed at the liquid/vapor and/or at other interfaces. [ChEBI]

Super-classes af-re:AFRE_0000014c
Sub-classes af-re:AFRE_0000012c

surface-active dispositionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000014
Description

A surface-active agent is a disposition of a portion of material to react or interact with the surface of other materials. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-re:AFRE_0000011c
Sub-classes af-re:AFRE_0000013c

chemical reaction dispositionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000015
Description

A chemical reaction disposition is a disposition inhered in a reaction mixture. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-re:AFRE_0000011c
Sub-classes af-re:AFRE_0000016c

reaction selectivity dispositionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/realizable#AFRE_0000016
Description

A reaction selectivity disposition is a disposition of a reaction mixture to have a reaction selectivity. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-re:AFRE_0000015c

signaturec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFRL_0000440
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Signature
Description

A signature is facet that is a proof of identity and intent of a signer towards some information. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c

Auger spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000001
Description

A plot of intensity vs. kinetic energy obtained when a high energy photon ionizes a core electron and an electron from a higher energy level descends to take its place, releasing sufficient energy to eject a second so-called 'Auger' electron. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

differential scanning calorimetry curvec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000007
Description

A plot of enthalpy vs. temperature obtained by measuring the enthalpy required to increase the temperature of a sample as a function of temperature. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

microwave spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000020
Description

A plot of emission vs. wavelength obtained through a Fourier transform of the time series of the radiation emitted by a sample of gas phase molecules that have been excited by a microwave-frequency pulse. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

conversion spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000044
Description

A plot of a quantity related to the absorption, for example absorbance or cross section, multiplied by the quantum yield for the process considered against a measure of photon energy such as frequency, wavenumber or wavelength. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

photoelectron spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000046
Description

A plot of photoelectron count vs. kinetic energy. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

circular dichroism spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000053
Description

A plot of ellipticity vs. wavelength obtained by measuring the differential absorption of left- and right-handed circularly polarized photon radiation as a function of wavelength. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

alpha-particle spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000057
Description

A plot of alpha-particle count vs. energy obtained by measuring the number and kinetic energies of alpha-particles emitted by a sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

structure datac # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000064
Description

Data obtained from a structure determination method. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

voltammogramc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000070
Description

A plot of cell current vs. the potential between the indicator and reference electrodes obtained from a voltammetry experiment. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

chemical mapc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000090
Description

A data set derived from chemical imaging consisting of a three-dimensional image where two axes describe the x and y spatial dimensions and the third dimension represents spectral wavelength. The image is obtained by stacking one image per spectral wavelength sequentially. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

isothermal titration calorimetry curvec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000091
Description

A plot of energy vs. time obtained from the measurement of the heat evolved during a chemical or biochemical reaction (such as protein--receptor binding). [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

gamma-ray spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000110
Description

A plot of gamma-ray count vs. energy spectrum obtained by measuring the number and energy of gamma-rays emitted or absorbed by a sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

electropherogramc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000133
Description

An electropherogram is the outcome of a capillary electrophoresis that reports the response of a detector as a function of time. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

electron energy-loss spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000142
Description

A plot of intensity vs. energy loss obtained by measuring the energy lost by electrons on interacting with a surface. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

photoacoustic spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000164
Description

A plot of intensity vs. wavelength obtained by measuring the sound emitted when a gaseous sample is exposed to an intense laser beam, which is rapidly interrupted by a rotating slotted disk. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

adsorption-desorption isothermc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000166
Description

A plot of relative pressure vs. volume adsorbed obtained by measuring the amount of an inert gaseous or liquid substance (the 'sorbent', usually H2 or N2) which adsorbs onto the surface of interest (the 'sorbate'), and the subsequent amount that desorbs at a constant temperature. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

data pointc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000186
Description

A data point is the single point in a coordinate space. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001187c
af-r:AFR_0001518c
af-r:AFR_0001217c
af-r:AFR_0001188c
af-r:AFR_0001186c

peak groupc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000231
Description

A peak group is a user defined set of peaks for which summed peak facet data is expected. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
Sum of all peak areas in the group.

A common example is for alkanes such as heptanes.  Often all of the isomers (C7H16, CH3CH2(CH3)C4H10, C2H5CH2(CH3)C3H8, CH3CH2(CH2CH3)C3H8, etc) are reported as a single value.

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000432c

chromatogramc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000236
Description

A chromatogram is a distribution function of a detector signal (such as ion count or absorbance) versus time of acquisition or versus volume of analyte. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

infrared spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000251
Description

A plot of absorbance or transmittance vs. wavelength/wavenumber/frequency obtained by measuring the absorption or transmission of infrared radiation by a sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

nuclear magnetic resonance spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000263
Description

Any spectrum that shows the response of spin-active nuclei to radio frequency radiation in an applied magnetic field. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

optical extinction spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000284
Description

A plot of extinction (or transmittance) vs. wavelength (or wavenumber) obtained by measuring the amount of radiation transmitted through a sample as a function of the wavelength of the incident radiation. Optical extinction spectra can also be derived theoretically. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

atomic spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000289
Description

A plot of absorption or emission radiation vs. frequency that reflects the internal degrees of freedom of an atom, obtained in an experiment where the sample is vaporized and then atomized. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

inelastic tunneling spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000294
Description

A plot of current (or a first or higher derivative of current with respect to voltage) vs. voltage obtained by measuring the tunneling current through a metal-oxide-metal sandwich. Molecules are adsorbed onto the oxide and these molecules can affect the tunneling via the excitation of vibrational states. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

melting curvec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000297
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melting_curve_analysis
Description

A melting curve is the data distribution function over temperature that is the output of a melting curve analysis. Melting curve analysis is an assessment of the dissociation characteristics of double-stranded DNA during heating. As the temperature is raised, the double strand begins to dissociate leading to a rise in the absorbance intensity, hyperchromicity. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

gas-phase electrophoretic mobility molecular analysis spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000300
Description

A plot of electrophoretic mobility diameter vs. particle count generated by separating singly-charged complexes in air under the influence of an electric field. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

certificatec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000304
Description

A certificate refers to the confirmation of certain characteristics of an object, person or organization. This confirmation is often, but not always, provided by some form of external review, education, assessment, or audit. Accreditation is a specific organization's process of certification. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

action spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000319
Description

A plot of a relative biological or chemical photoresponse per number of incident photons against wavelength or energy of radiation under the same radiant power of light. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

oximetry spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000323
Description

A plot of % oxygen vs. time, measured during a process where oxygen is consumed or evolved. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

acoustic emission spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000325
Description

A plot of decibels vs. frequency obtained by measuring the amount of noise generated by a sample as a function of frequency of incident radiation. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

flow curvec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000336
Description

A plot of stress vs. flow rate obtained from rheological measurements. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

X-ray spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000341
Description

A plot of intensity vs. energy obtained by measuring the number and energy of X-rays absorbed or emitted by a sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

beta-particle spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000345
Description

A plot of beta-particle count vs. energy obtained by measuring the number and energy of beta-particles emitted by a sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

Tauc plotc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000373
Description

A plot of e vs hv where e is the molar extinction coefficient, that is used to determine the optical gap (or 'Tauc gap') in amorphous thin film materials. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

peakc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000413
Description

A peak describes a part of a data distribution function at a definite range of the experimental parameter (independent variable) of the distribution function. This definition includes a single data point of the distribution function. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

electromagnetic radiation spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000417
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromagnetic_spectrum
Description

The electromagnetic radiation spectrum is the range of frequencies (the spectrum) of electromagnetic radiation and their respective wavelengths and photon energies. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

peak listc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000432
Description

Collection of peaks or peak groups for a specific purpose. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000231c

incident photon conversion efficiency spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000438
Description

A plot of incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) vs. wavelength obtained from a solar or photovoltaic cell. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

mass spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000439
Source Pure Appl. Chem., Vol. 85, No. 7, pp. 1515–1609, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1351/PAC-REC-06-04-06
Description

A mass spectrum is a data distribution function that plots the relative abundances of ions forming a beam or other collection as a function of their m/z values. [IUPAC]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

titration curvec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000490
Description

A plot of volume of titrant vs. an independent variable (e.g., pH or enthalpy) obtained from a titration experiment. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

luminescence spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000491
Description

A plot of intensity against wavelength obtained by measuring the amount of radiation emitted by a sample through luminescence against the frequency of the incident radiation. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

Mossbauer spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000496
Description

A plot of intensity vs. velocity obtained by measuring the intensity and kinetic energy of a beam of gamma-rays transmitted through a solid sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

electronic absorption spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000514
Description

A plot of absorbance vs. wavelength, obtained by measuring the amount of radiation absorbed by a sample as a function of the wavelength of incident radiation, which reflects the electronic degrees of freedom of an atom or molecule. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

Raman spectrumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000519
Description

A plot of intensity vs. Raman shift (cm-1) obtained by measuring the Raman scattering of monochromatic light from a sample. [CHMO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

total ion current profilec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000580
Source Murray, K., Boyd, R., Eberlin, M., et al. (2013). Definitions of terms relating to mass spectrometry (IUPAC Recommendations 2013). Pure and Applied Chemistry, 85(7), pp. 1515-1609. Retrieved 9 May. 2019, from doi:10.1351/PAC-REC-06-04-06
Description

A total ion current profile is a data distribution function of the total ion current recorded as function of time or time dependent sampling. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

filec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000639
Description

A file is a resource for storing information, which is available to a computer program and is usually based on some kind of durable storage. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000992c

predictionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000694
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prediction
Description

A prediction or forecast is a proposition about a future event. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000991c

calibration curvec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000788
Description

The calibration curve is a data distribution function of the instrumental response, the so-called analytical signal, changed with the concentration of the analyte (the substance to be measured). [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001060c

analysis sequencec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000894
Description

Linear procedure specification that specifies analysis. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001263c

analytical methodc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000895
Description

An analysis method is a plan specification that specifies an analysis. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001501c

cubic interpolation algorithmc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000896
Description

An interpolation algorithm using cubic polynomials. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000939c

interpolation algorithmc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000898
Description

Interpolation is a method of constructing new data points within the range of a discrete set of known data points. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes cdao:IAO_0000064c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000939c

linear interpolation algorithmc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000899
Description

Linear interpolation is a method of curve fitting using linear polynomials to construct new data points within the range of a discrete set of known data points. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000939c

logc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000900
Description

A description that describes the actual flow of events that occurred in some process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

log entryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000901
Description

A log entry is a type of description that is an item in a log. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

quality profile control commandc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000902
Description

A quality profile control command is an action specification about a quality process profile. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000941c

level of measurementc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000908
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Level_of_measurement
Description

Level of measurement is a classification that describes the nature of information within the values assigned to variables. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000916c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000912c
af-r:AFR_0000914c
af-r:AFR_0000913c
af-r:AFR_0000915c
af-r:AFR_0000910c
af-r:AFR_0000911c
af-r:AFR_0000909c

nominal scalec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000909
Description

A classification that only introduces categorical values. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000908c

ordinal scalec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000910
Description

A classification of measurement that introduces equality and rank-ordering. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000908c

interval scalec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000911
Description

A scale that is based on equal quantitative intervals. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000908c

ratio scalec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000912
Description

A scale that introduces a zero as origin and allows equality, rank-ordering, equality of intervals and equality of ratios. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000908c

log-interval scalec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000913
Description

A log-interval scale is a type of measurement scale that classifies values based on logarithmic intervals. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000908c

cyclic scalec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000914
Description

A cyclic scale is a type of measurement scale that classifies values based on recurring intervals. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
orientation

angle

weekday

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000908c

countsc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000915
Description

Counts are like ratio scale that they have a zero point but there are no meaningful fractional units. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000908c

classificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000916
Description

A classification is a proposition that categorizes things into classes or collections of things differentiated by some criteria. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000991c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000908c

identifierc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000917
Description

An identifier is a name that identifies (that is, labels the identity of) either a unique object or a unique class of objects, where the "object" or class may be an idea, physical [countable] object (or class thereof), or physical [uncountable] substance (or class thereof). [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000918c
af-r:AFR_0000919c
af-r:AFR_0001116c
cdao:IAO_0000578c
af-r:AFR_0001164c

globally unique identifierc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000918
Description

A globally unique identifier is an identifier whose uniqueness is guaranteed in a decentralized way by following a certain algorithm in its creation. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
a UUID

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000917c

local identifierc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000919
Description

An identifier that uniquely denotes objects only within the scope of a specific object aggregate and that is not registered in an identifier registry. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000917c

quantity rangec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000920
Description

A range that describes a range of quantity values using the same unit. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-c:AFC_0000021c

list indexc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000921
Description

A list index is a type of index that is related to a list item in a collection. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000928c

descriptionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000922
Description

A description is a proposition about an existing entity. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000991c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000186c
af-r:AFR_0000900c
af-r:AFR_0000994c
af-r:AFR_0001060c
af-r:AFR_0000304c
af-r:AFR_0001095c
af-r:AFR_0000064c
af-r:AFR_0000953c
af-r:AFR_0000993c
af-r:AFR_0001219c
af-r:AFR_0000995c
af-r:AFR_0000901c
af-r:AFR_0000090c
af-r:AFR_0000955c
af-r:AFR_0000413c
af-r:AFR_0001619c
af-r:AFR_0001218c
af-r:AFR_0000432c

facetc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000923
Description

A facet is a partial information that contains an aspect of some information content entity or parts of it when participating in some process. The facet abstracts of the concrete representation of this aspect of information. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:IAO_0000030c
Sub-classes cdao:IAO_0000028c
af-r:AFR_0001213c
af-r:AFR_0000936c
af-c:AFC_0000021c
af-r:AFR_0001101c
af-r:AFR_0001277c
af-r:AFR_0001117c
af-r:AFR_0000947c
af-r:AFR_0001216c
af-r:AFR_0001093c
af-r:AFR_0000950c
af-r:AFR_0000932c
af-r:AFR_0001100c
af-r:AFRL_0000440c
cdao:IAO_0000304c
af-r:AFR_0000928c
af-r:AFR_0000937c
af-r:AFR_0000917c
af-r:AFR_0001521c

factorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000924
Description

A multiplicand in a mathematical product expression. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001100c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000925c
af-r:AFR_0000927c
af-r:AFR_0000926c

complex factorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000925
Description

A factor with a complex number as value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000924c

integer factorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000926
Description

A factor with a integer number as value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000924c

real factorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000927
Description

A factor with a real number as value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000924c

indexc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000928
Description

A facet that represents some strictly ordered key in an associative array or the position of a member in a list. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000930c
af-r:AFR_0000929c
af-r:AFR_0001168c
af-r:AFR_0000921c
af-r:AFR_0000931c

matrix indexc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000929
Description

An index that denotes some matrix component. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000928c

tensor indexc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000930
Description

An index that denotes some tensor component. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000928c

vector indexc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000931
Description

An index that denotes some vector component. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000928c

orderc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000932
Description

An order facet adds information of the ordering of some information in an aggregation of information. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000933c
af-r:AFR_0000934c

predecessorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000933
Description

A predecessor is an order facet of an information content entity that refers to the information content entity immediately before it in a containing list. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000932c

successorc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000934
Description

A successor is an order facet of an information content entity that refers to the information content entity immediately after it in a containing list. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000932c

radixc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000935
Description

In mathematical numeral systems, the radix or base is the number of unique digits, including zero, used to represent numbers in a positional numeral system. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001100c

sizec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000936
Description

Size is the number of members of some collection of data. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000956c

timec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000937
Description

A time is a facet that adds temporal information to an information content entity about the point in time when the information content entity it is participating in the some process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000952c
af-r:AFR_0001158c

procedure specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000938
Description

A specification on the order, transitions and trigger of multiple action specifications that are part of some aggregate action specification. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000957c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000945c

polynomial interpolation algorithmc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000939
Description

An interpolation algorithm using polynomials. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000898c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000899c
af-r:AFR_0000896c
af-r:AFR_0000940c

quadratic interpolation algorithmc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000940
Description

An interpolation algorithm using cubic polynomials. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000939c

action specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000941
Description

A directive information entity that describes an action the bearer will take. [IAO]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000957c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000942c
af-r:AFR_0000902c

process commandc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000942
Description

An action specification that specifies an event within a process when the specified activity is realized. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000941c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001629c
af-r:AFR_0001626c
af-r:AFR_0001503c
af-r:AFR_0001631c
af-r:AFR_0001630c
af-r:AFR_0001628c
af-r:AFR_0001632c
af-r:AFR_0001627c

function specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000944
Description

A specification that specifies a participant in a process by the function it bears in it. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001005c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000976c

sequential procedure specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000945
Description

A procedure specification with a linear ordered collection of action specifications. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000938c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001263c

peak facetc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000947
Description

A facet that is part of a peak. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001088c
af-r:AFR_0001173c
af-r:AFR_0000948c
af-r:AFR_0001181c
af-r:AFR_0001075c
af-r:AFR_0001185c
af-r:AFR_0001074c
af-r:AFR_0001195c
af-r:AFR_0000949c
af-r:AFR_0001073c
af-r:AFR_0001183c
af-r:AFR_0001178c
af-r:AFR_0001180c
af-r:AFR_0001184c
af-r:AFR_0001199c
af-r:AFR_0001165c
af-r:AFR_0001172c
af-r:AFR_0001179c
af-r:AFR_0001171c
af-r:AFR_0001182c

peak heightc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000948
Description

A peak facet that denotes the ordinate value of the peak apex offset by the baseline ascribed to the peak. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

relative peak heightc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000949
Description

A peak facet that denotes the height of the peak relative to some other peak or summation of peaks. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

step sizec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000950
Description

The difference between two discrete points next to each other in a range of discrete values. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
Step size of sweeping over 2Theta, unit ° [Allotrope]

A device property can be set between a minimum and maximum value but only in steps of the increment value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c

durationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000951
Description

A measure of the magnitude of the time region in which the process occurs. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001816c

measurement timec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000952
Description

The date/time of the measurement. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000937c

process propertyc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000953
Description

A description of a fundamental characteristic of a process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001625c

ratec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000954
Description

A measure of the magnitude of change of some participating entity per amount of time relative to other processes having similar changes. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001816c

observationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000955
Description

An observation is a description of a portion of reality that has been observed during an observing process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

number of sampled pointsc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000956
Description

The number of points is the total number of points sampled during a measurement. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
In a spectrum, the number of points is the total number of peak positions.

number of quick slope points in UV/VIS

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000936c

specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000957
Description

A specification is a proposition about the intended purpose or design of an entity. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000991c
Sub-classes cdao:IAO_0000098c
af-r:AFR_0000982c
af-r:AFR_0001058c
cdao:IAO_0000005c
af-r:AFR_0000941c
af-r:AFR_0001505c
af-r:AFR_0001005c
af-r:AFR_0001276c
af-r:AFR_0001501c
af-r:AFR_0001286c
af-r:AFR_0000938c

tensor datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000958
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tensor
Description

In mathematics, tensors are geometric objects that describe linear relations between geometric vectors, scalars, and other tensors. Elementary examples of such relations include the dot product, the cross product, and linear maps. The tensor datum is a facet that uses a tensor as an abstract mathematical description. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001054c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000960c
af-r:AFR_0000961c
af-r:AFR_0000962c
af-r:AFR_0000959c

higher-order tensor datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000959
Description

A tensor with order greater than 2. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000958c

matrix datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000960
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matrix_(mathematics)
Description

In mathematics, a matrix (plural matrices) is a rectangular array of numbers, symbols, or expressions, arranged in rows and columns. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000958c

scalar datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000961
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalar_(mathematics)
Description

A scalar is an element of a field which is used to define a vector space. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000958c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000967c
af-r:AFR_0001510c
af-r:AFR_0000988c
af-r:AFR_0001511c
af-r:AFR_0001512c
af-r:AFR_0001513c
af-r:AFR_0000989c
af-r:AFR_0000987c

vector datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000962
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euclidean_vector
Description

In mathematics, physics, and engineering, a Euclidean vector (sometimes called a geometric or spatial vector, or—as here—simply a vector) is a geometric object that has magnitude (or length) and direction. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000958c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001517c
af-r:AFR_0001514c
af-r:AFR_0000965c
af-r:AFR_0000964c
af-r:AFR_0001516c
af-r:AFR_0001515c

vector integer datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000963
Description

A number vector datum is a vector datum that has only integer scalar components. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000964c

vector number datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000964
Description

A vector number datum is a vector datum that has only numeric scalar components. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000962c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000963c
af-r:AFR_0001496c
af-r:AFR_0001495c

vector quantity datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000965
Description

A vector quantity datum is a vector datum that has only quantity value scalar components. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000962c

time datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000966
Description

A time datum is a type of datum that quantifies a duration of time or is about a time interval. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000989c

scalar range datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000967
Description

A scalar range datum is a type of datum that is about range quantified by a scalar value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000961c

quality specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000975
Description

A specification that specifies the determinate range of some quality. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001005c

capability specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000976
Description

A capability specification specifies some function that the target of the specification inheres. This capability can be restricted to a specific situation. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000944c

parameter specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000977
Description

A participant specification which specifies an information object that has the contextual role of a parameter in the realized process. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
A parameter specification can include a formal name, a datatype, a shape or range of values if the parameter is a datum.

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001005c

result specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000978
Description

A participant specification that specifies a information objects that have the contextual role of a result in the realized process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001005c

role specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000979
Description

A specification that specifies a participant in a process by the general role it plays in it. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001005c

transition specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000980
Description

A specification about the transition between two or more actions. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000982c

trigger specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000981
Description

A trigger specification is a situation specification that specifies a trigger. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000982c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001546c

situation specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000982
Description

A specification of a circumstances (process). [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000957c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000980c
af-r:AFR_0000981c

scalar integer datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000983
Description

A datum that is an integer value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000988c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000984c

count datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000984
Description

A datum that has non-negative integer values that is about the number of discrete things. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000983c

scalar decimal datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000985
Description

A datum that is a decimal value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000988c

scalar floating point number datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000986
Description

A datum that is a IEEE floating point value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000988c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001288c
af-r:AFR_0001104c

scalar categorical datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000987
Description

A scalar categorical datum is a type of datum that describes something based on a scalar value for a kind of category. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000961c

scalar number datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000988
Description

A scalar datum that has a numeric value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000961c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000983c
af-r:AFR_0000986c
af-r:AFR_0000985c

scalar quantity datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000989
Description

A scalar quantity datum is a type of datum that is about a quantity and quantifies by a scalar value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000961c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000966c

propositionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000991
Source http://www.ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp/pub/miz/Part3V3.pdf
Description

A proposition is an information content entity that is statement or assertion that has a truth value. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:IAO_0000030c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000916c
af-r:AFR_0001103c
af-r:AFR_0000957c
af-r:AFR_0000922c
af-r:AFR_0001094c
af-r:AFR_0001561c
af-c:AFC_0000090c
af-r:AFR_0000694c
af-r:AFR_0001494c

representation formc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000992
Source http://www.ei.sanken.osaka-u.ac.jp/pub/miz/Part3V3.pdf
Description

A representation form is a type of information content entity that represents an entity in a certain way. [Allotrope]

Example(s)
plot as representation form of a temperature profile

Super-classes cdao:IAO_0000030c
Sub-classes cdao:IAO_0000308c
cdao:IAO_0000300c
cdao:IAO_0000310c
af-r:AFR_0000639c

modelc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000993
Description

A model is a purposeful simplified description of a part of reality that focuses on specific aspects. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

theoryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000994
Description

A model that explains some principle rules about something. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

physical domainc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0000995
Description

A physical domain is a type of description that covers physical objects. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

participant specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001005
Description

A specification that is part of some action specification that specifies some continuant that when the concretized action is realized becomes a participant playing some (contextual) role in the process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000957c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000944c
af-r:AFR_0000975c
af-r:AFR_0000978c
af-r:AFR_0000977c
af-r:AFR_0000979c

isobar (nuclide)c # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001043
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isobar_(nuclide)
Description

Isobar is a classification facet that classifies atoms (nuclides) of different chemical elements that have the same number of nucleons. Correspondingly, isobars differ in atomic number (or number of protons) but have the same mass number. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001277c

tuplec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001046
Description

A tuple is a finite ordered list (sequence) of elements. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-c:AFC_0000160c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001055c
af-r:AFR_0001056c
af-r:AFR_0001057c

mathematical objectc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001054
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathematical_object
Description

A mathematical object is an information content entity that is an abstraction in the area of mathematics. It has a formal definition that allows for deductive reasoning and mathematical proofs. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:IAO_0000030c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001663c
af-r:AFR_0001257c
af-c:AFC_0000167c
af-c:AFC_0000166c
af-r:AFR_0000958c

1-tuplec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001055
Description

A 1-tuple is a tuple that is a singleton. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001046c

2-tuplec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001056
Description

A 2-tuple is a tuple that is an ordered pair. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001046c

3-tuplec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001057
Description

A 3-tuple is a tuple that is a triple or triplet. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001046c

configuration specificationc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001058
Description

A configuration specification is a type of specification that is about the configuration of parameters related to a specification target. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000957c

registryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001059
Description

A registry is information content entity that is an aggregate of designations. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:IAO_0000030c
Sub-classes af-c:AFC_0000036c
cdao:IAO_0000579c

data distribution functionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001060
Description

A description of distribution of a quantity with respect to a set of parameters. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0000417c
af-r:AFR_0001664c
af-r:AFR_0000439c
af-r:AFR_0000580c
af-r:AFR_0000263c
af-r:AFR_0000519c
af-r:AFR_0000110c
af-r:AFR_0000251c
af-r:AFR_0000297c
af-r:AFR_0000289c
af-r:AFR_0000341c
af-r:AFR_0000142c
af-r:AFR_0000020c
af-r:AFR_0000057c
af-r:AFR_0000166c
af-r:AFR_0000046c
af-r:AFR_0000164c
af-r:AFR_0000236c
af-r:AFR_0000325c
af-r:AFR_0000070c
af-r:AFR_0000007c
af-r:AFR_0000133c
af-r:AFR_0000001c
af-r:AFR_0000044c
af-r:AFR_0000323c
af-r:AFR_0000091c
af-r:AFR_0000300c
af-r:AFR_0000496c
af-r:AFR_0000490c
af-r:AFR_0000345c
af-r:AFR_0000788c
af-r:AFR_0000514c
af-r:AFR_0000373c
af-r:AFR_0000491c
af-r:AFR_0000294c
af-r:AFR_0000053c
af-r:AFR_0000284c
af-r:AFR_0000336c
af-r:AFR_0000319c
af-r:AFR_0001599c
af-r:AFR_0000438c

peak areac # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001073
Description

A peak facet that quantitates the area enclosed by a peak and the selected baseline. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

peak positionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001074
Description

A peak facet that denotes the abscissa value of the extrema (maxima or minima) attributed to the peak in a data description function. The extrema is often determined through a mathematical fitting of measurement signals to eliminate spurious extrema due to noise. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

peak widthc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001075
Description

A peak facet denoting its width at a specified peak height or variance. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001265c
af-r:AFR_0001264c
af-r:AFR_0001266c

peak asymmetryc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001088
Description

A peak facet that describes the deviation of the peak's distribution from symmetry about its mean. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

slopec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001090
Source https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slope
Description

Slope is a mathematical facet of a line that describes both the direction and the steepness of the line. [Wikipedia]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001100c

pointc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001092
Description

A point is a two-dimensional figure that represents a zero-dimensional spacial region. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:IAO_0000038c

figure facetc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001093
Description

A figure facet is a facet that is part of a figure. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c

assignmentc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001094
Description

An assignment is a proposition that is an assertion of some relation between entities. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000991c

timebasec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001095
Description

A timebase is a description that is about a point in time (process boundary or zero dimensional temporal region) that has the role of a temporal reference. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000922c

mathematical facetc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001100
Description

A facet that is part of a mathematical expression, formula or equation. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001090c
af-r:AFR_0000935c
af-r:AFR_0000924c

quantification facetc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001101
Description

A facet that is part of a quantification of a quality or process. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001583c
af-r:AFR_0001816c

capability propositionc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001103
Description

A capability proposition is a proposition that is about the range of possible values for a quality or potential roles and functions under given conditions. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000991c

scalar double datumc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001104
Description

A scalar double datum is a scalar floating point number datum having a IEEE double precision datum (xsd:double). [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000986c

analystc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001116
Description

Analyst is measurement metadata about the name or identifier of a person that has the role of an analyst in the measurement. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000917c

measurement metadatac # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001117
Description

Measurement metadata is a facet that is part of a information content entity about a measurement that is about the context of the measurement, but not directly about the measurement result or a measurement parameter. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000923c

pHc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001142
Description

pH (datum) is a quantity facet that quantifies the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution, defined as the decadic logarithm of the reciprocal activity of hydrogen ions. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001583c

absorbancec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001157
Source PAC, 1990, 62, 2167 (Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990))
Description

Absorbance is a quantity facet that quantifies the absorbance as logarithm to the base 10 (linear absorbance) of the incident (prior to absorption) spectral radiant power, divided by the transmitted spectral radiant power. [IUPAC]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001583c

acquisition timec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001158
Description

The acquisition time is the time when a signal is captured. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000937c

wavelengthc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001159
Description

A wavelength is a facet that quantifies a wavelength of electromagnetic radiation. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0001583c
Sub-classes af-r:AFR_0001592c

peak identifierc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001164
Description

A peak identifier is an identifier that identifies a peak. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000917c

relative peak areac # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001165
Description

A peak facet that denotes the area of the peak relative to some other peak or summation of peaks. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

peak namec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001167
Description

A peak name is a written name that denotes some peak. [Allotrope]

Super-classes cdao:IAO_0000590c

peak indexc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001168
Description

A peak index is an index that denotes a peak in a list of peaks. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000928c

peak analyte amountc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001171
Description

A peak facet that quantitates the amount of analyte attributed to the peak based on a calibration curve, response factor or other quantitative formula. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

relative peak analyte amountc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001172
Description

A peak facet that denotes the amount of analyte ascribed to a the peak relative to the amount of some other analyte or summation of analytes. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

peak polarityc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001173
Description

A peak facet that indicates whether the response curve of the peak is above or below the signal baseline. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

peak startc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001178
Description

A peak facet that denotes the first value of the abscissa that belongs to the peak. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

peak value at startc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001179
Description

A peak facet that denotes the first value of the ordinate that belongs to the peak. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

peak endc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001180
Description

A peak facet that denotes the last value of the abscissa that belongs to the peak. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

peak value at endc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001181
Description

A peak facet that denotes the last value of the ordinate that belongs to the peak. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

peak baseline start codec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001182
Description

A peak facet that describes the peak start boundary with respect to the signal, integration determined signal baseline or a neighboring peak. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

peak baseline end codec # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001183
Description

A peak facet that describes the peak end boundary with respect to the signal, integration determined signal baseline or a neighboring peak. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

baseline value at start of peakc # Classes

URI http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/result#AFR_0001184
Description

A peak facet that denotes the ordinate value of the baseline of a peak at the peak start time. [Allotrope]

Super-classes af-r:AFR_0000947c

base